Ruland

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Ruland, Cornelia M.

a nursing theorist who, with Shirley M. Moore, developed the Peaceful End of Life Theory, which asserts that nurses are integral to the creation of peaceful end of life care, which includes freedom from suffering, emotional support, closeness to and participation by significant others, and treatment with empathy and respect. The theory was developed from a standard of care created by expert nurses to manage the care of patients with terminal illness.