congenital scoliosis


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Related to congenital scoliosis: Idiopathic scoliosis

congenital scoliosis

an abnormal condition present at birth, characterized by a lateral curvature of the spine. It results from specific congenital rib and vertebral anomalies. The causative and pathological characteristics of congenital scoliosis are divided into six categories. Category I is associated with partial unilateral failure of the formation of a vertebra. Category II is associated with complete unilateral failure of the formation of a vertebra. Category III is associated with bilateral failure of segmentation with the absence of disk space. Category IV is associated with the unilateral failure of segmentation with the unsegmented bar. Category V is associated with the fusion of ribs. Category VI is associated with any condition not covered in the other categories. Category IV scoliosis seems to progress more rapidly and cause the greatest degree of deformity. The degree of obvious deformity caused by congenital scoliosis depends on the cause of the disease. The deformity increases with growth and age, usually progressing slowly during periods of slow growth of the trunk of the body. Treatment of congenital scoliosis may be surgical or nonsurgical. Some kinds of nonsurgical treatment techniques are exercise programs and use of orthotic devices, such as scoliosis splints or a Milwaukee brace. Surgical intervention in this disease may involve an anterior or a posterior spinal fusion. In a few individuals, additional procedures, such as spinal osteotomy, use of the Harrington rod, or halo traction, may be required. See also scoliosis.

congenital scoliosis

Scoliosis present at birth, usually the result of defective embryonic development of the spine.
See also: scoliosis

congenital scoliosis (kn·genˑ·i·tl skō·lē·ōˑ·sis),

n spine abnormality present at birth in which anomalies in certain ribs and vertebrae cause the spine to curve.
References in periodicals archive ?
As for congenital scoliosis, TBX6 deletion associated with high-risk alleles was reported in 2015, which was exerted a huge impact at home and abroad.
This is not a favorable prognosis for children with congenital scoliosis due to a vertebral anomaly and points to the importance of identifying and determining the classification of the anomaly at the earliest possible age.
Almost 20% of patients with congenital scoliosis develop the neurological deficits [6,17].
Prof Dunwoodie asserted that the findings implied that women could now be tested for a genetic predisposition to congenital scoliosis, and also modify their lifestyle during pregnancy, especially if there is a family history of birth defects.
In congenital scoliosis, the bones in the spine are imperfectly formed and the abnormalities have been present since birth.
Ninety percent of idiopathic or congenital scoliosis appears in girls.
MANILA -- Though suffering from congenital scoliosis, 4yearold Kail Yazmin Cristobal of Teachers VillageWest, Quezon City, is an active and inquisitive girl who enjoys singing and dancing.
Campbell and Hell-Vocke (3) investigated the results of VEPTR implantation in 21 children with congenital scoliosis and fused ribs; three of the children had already had a posterior spinal fusion procedure performed.
5% cases: occult spina bifida and congenital scoliosis, 3 cases; anorectal malformations, 3 cases; chromosome syndromes, 2 cases; Klippel-Feil syndrome, 2 cases; cryptorchidie, 1 case; tricuspid insufficiency, 1 case; pre-auricular appendix in 1 case, and 1 case of morbid obesity.
CONGENITAL scoliosis is defined as a curvature of the spine that is the result of malformations of the vertebral elements.
I operate on around 60 to 80 cases a year ranging from congenital scoliosis to Idiopathic scoliosis and from babies as young as six months old to teenagers.
Rahma was born with severe congenital scoliosis, which meant her spine was badly twisted and she had only four ribs on her left side, rather than the normal 12.

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