congenital heart defect

(redirected from Congenital heart disorder)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Congenital heart disorder: Congenital heart disease

congenital

 [kon-jen´ĭ-t'l]
existing at, and usually before, birth; referring to conditions that are present at birth, regardless of their causation. Cf. hereditary.
congenital heart defect a structural defect of the heart or great vessels or both, present at birth. Any number of defects may occur, singly or in combination. They result from improper development of the heart and blood vessels during the prenatal period. Congenital heart defects occur in about 8 to 10 of every 1000 live-born children in the United States. The most common types are tetralogy of fallot, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, transposition of great vessels, and coarctation of the aorta.

In many cases, depending on the severity of the defect and the physical condition of the patient, these congenital conditions can be treated by surgery. However, some are so minor that they do not significantly affect the action of the heart and do not require surgery. The cause of most of these conditions is unknown. Gene abnormalities account for about 5 per cent, and in a small number of other cases they may be seen in a child whose pregnant mother had rubella (German measles) during the first 2 or 3 months of pregnancy.

defect

 [de´fekt]
an imperfection, failure, or absence.
congenital heart defect see congenital heart defect.
aortic septal defect see aortic septal defect.
atrial septal defect see atrial septal defect.
filling defect an interruption in the contour of the inner surface of stomach or intestine revealed by radiography, indicating excess tissue or substance on or in the wall of the organ.
neural tube defect see neural tube defect.
septal defect a defect in the cardiac septum resulting in an abnormal communication between opposite chambers of the heart. Common types are aortic septal defect, atrial septal defect, and ventricular septal defect. See also congenital heart defect.

congenital heart defect

A structural abnormality of the heart and great blood vessels that occurs during intrauterine development. Abnormalities are commonly classified by the presence or absence of cyanosis. Acyanotic abnormalities include atrial and ventricular septal defects, coarctation of the aorta, and patent ductus arteriosus. Cyanotic defects include tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great vessels, and hypoplastic left-sided heart syndrome.
See also: defect
References in periodicals archive ?
Baby Ian was born with an extremely rare combination of congenital heart disorders, known as hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), and an intact atrial septum.
WSPCF is an organisation in South Africa that was founded in 2003 to provide free life-saving surgery to underprivileged African children born with congenital heart disorders.
Remember, only 30 years ago corrective surgeries for congenital heart disorders or cleft palate or speech disorders were very limited.
Scott, who wasn't expected to live beyond 10 because he has congenital heart disorders, is now 13, attends school and lives a normal, although delicate life, thanks to a mechanical stainless-steel valve and the world's smallest pacemaker, which will have to be renewed as he gets older.
It is also critical to ask about any family history of sudden cardiac deaths, myocardial infarctions prior to the age of 50 in men and 60 in women, cardiomyopathy, or congenital heart disorders.
Congenital heart disorders are also among the targets being researched.

Medical browser ?
Full browser ?