Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
in the absorption of electromagnetic radiation of medium energy, a decrease in energy of the bombarding photon with the dislodgement of an orbital electron, usually from an outer shell.
Synonym(s): Compton scattering
Comp·ton ef·fect, Compton scattering (kom'tŏn e-fekt', kom'tŏn skat'ĕr-ing)
Change in wavelength of x-rays or gamma rays due to interaction of electron orbiting nucleus and incidental photon, resulting in scattered photons of lower energy and recoil electrons.
Compton,Arthur H., U.S. physicist, 1892-1962, winner of the 1927 Nobel Prize for his work in physics.
Compton effect - in electromagnetic radiations of medium energy, a decrease in energy of the bombarding photon with the dislodgement of an orbital electron, usually from an outer shell. Synonym(s): Compton scattering
Compton scattering - Synonym(s): Compton effect
one of the three kinds of interaction when ion-pair formation occurs as x-rays pass through an absorbing medium. The interacting photons pass on in a new direction (Compton scatter) having given up part of their energy in ionizing an atom in the absorbing medium (Compton absorption). Important in the upper range of x-ray energies used in veterinary radiography.