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Factors over which a researcher has no control, and which may affect results of a study.


Conditions or restrictions on activity or motion of something.


n the restrictive conditions stated in a dental benefits contract, such as age, length of time covered, and waiting periods, which affect an individual's or group's coverage. The contract may also exclude certain benefits or services, or it may limit the extent or condition under which certain services are provided. See also exclusions.

Patient discussion about limitations

Q. What is the limit........ What is the limit for a normal person to jump?

A. Next time you watch a basketball or volleyball game, notice how high the athletes jump to block a shot or spike the ball. Ever wonder if you could jump as high? Stand next to a wall with a short pencil in your hand and hold your arm as high above your head as you can, keeping your feet flat on the floor. Make a mark on the wall to note your standing reach. Then jump as high as you can, keeping your arm high above your head. At the top of your jump, make another mark on the wall. It works best to stand close to, but not touching the wall when you jump. The difference in height between the two marks is a measure of how high you jumped. You may be able to jump higher if you change how much you bend your knees before jumping. If you don't bend your knees much, you don't get much extra push. On the other hand, a deep crouch overstretches the thigh muscles, making them less efficient in pushing you off the ground. Experiment to find the amount of knee bend that gives you the most height. Swi

Q. Is there a limit to how long the suit should be worn? Hi, my wife Lee, 36 always wear sauna suit for very long walk in hot sun. I am concerned because she walks alone and takes diet pills to boost metabolism. Is there a limit to how long the suit should be worn?

A. While doing this, she should be very careful. Sauna suits help to keep the muscles warm and that is what causes the sweat and they do not necessarily promote weight loss. She has to keep herself hydrated! Ask her to drink tons of water because her body is rapidly losing it. In other words, the weight loss is more water which can be gained back very quickly. I would recommend weight training and cardio exercise at least 4 times a week. Also, exercising in the morning has great metabolic effects. Therefore, put an end to diet pills because they are not good for your wife!!

Q. Have alcohol-related crashes decreased in other states when they lowered the limit? I have a doubt even after updating with the local news. Have alcohol-related crashes decreased in other states when they lowered the limit?

A. Wisconsin has seen nearly a two percent decrease in alcohol-related crashes and almost a fourteen percent decrease in alcohol-related fatalities a year after implementing a .08 law. Since South Dakota put .08 in effect in 2002, alcohol-related crashes have decreased by 2.1 percent from the average of the previous three years.

More discussions about limitations
References in periodicals archive ?
Collateral estoppel is a doctrine of general application--it merely prevents a party from re-litigating a question that was fully explored and finally determined against it in a prior litigation.
Though there are numerous ways to approach systemic discrimination from a procedural perspective, using collateral estoppel, consolidating cases, and cabining Wal-Mart deserve particular attention.
Statewide, the cigarette companies have tried unsuccessfully to confuse the definitional distinction between res judicata and collateral estoppel.
at 398-99 (holding that a prisoner who had failed to litigate his constitutional claims on appeal was not barred by collateral estoppel from raising those claims on collateral review); see also Desist v.
Normally, collateral estoppel is asserted based on a prior ruling by a court of law, but sometimes courts apply the doctrine based upon the prior judgments of administrative law panels.
136) Collateral estoppel is the requirement "that the determination of a question of fact essential to the judgment of a previous trial should be conclusive in a subsequent trial involving the same parties and the same facts.
Thus, the sole issue on appeal was whether collateral estoppel applied to an issue in a civil case previously decided in a statutory summary suspension hearing.
4 ("Unpublished opinions issued on or after January 1, 1996, are not precedent, except under the doctrine of res judicata, collateral estoppel or law of the case (or similarly to show double jeopardy, notice, sanctionable conduct, entitlement to attorney's fees, or the like).
The doctrine of collateral estoppel did not bar the IRS from assessing a deficiency for an underpayment it had conceded in a Tax Court stipulated decision concerning the same issue in the immediate prior tax year, the Tax Court held.
Although the Tax Court did not address the argument, the IRS contended that because she had already litigated the issue, Mitchell's case should have been dismissed under the doctrine of collateral estoppel, which bars relitigation by the same parties of an issue that has already been decided in a previous case.
If it is determined that a claim filed under the law is not compensable, neither the doctrine of collateral estoppel nor res judicata shall prohibit the claimant from pursuing any and all civil remedies available under common law and statutory law.
In its decision, which observers are calling Firestone IL the Seventh Circuit stated that its earlier reversal of a district court's class certification was sufficiently firm as to have collateral estoppel effect.