work hardening

(redirected from Cold working)
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work hardening

 
a rehabilitation program designed to restore functional and work capacities to the injured worker through application of graded work simulation. Included are activities designed to improve overall physical condition, including strength, endurance, and coordination specific to work activity, as well as means for coping with any remaining symptoms from the original problem, such as pain. Central to all work hardening programs is the reproduction of a work-like environment where tasks are designed to improve the patient's tolerance for productive work.



The goal of work hardening is to achieve an acceptable level of productivity for returning to one's former occupation or for meeting the demands of a specific new type of work. Therefore, worker behaviors and not just physical conditioning are addressed. These include having structured work times and duties, dressing appropriately for one's tasks, and conducting oneself in a worker-like manner. It is important to differentiate work hardening from work conditioning, which does not address these added concerns.
Treatment Personnel. Work hardening is generally administered by physical or occupational therapists, working independently or as part of a team, which might include physicians, vocational counselors, psychologists, and other rehabilitation professionals. Drug and alcohol specialists, ergonomists, orthotists, dieticians, and industrial nurses may also be involved in the program.
Settings. Work hardening programs can be found in rehabilitation and general acute hospitals, private physical or occupational therapy centers, vocational training facilities, and fully dedicated facilities or within private industry. When found in hospitals or therapy centers, programs either share space with other rehabilitation programs (mixed-use setting) or are in partitioned areas designed specifically for the purpose (dedicated space setting). Fully dedicated facilities, whose only use is work hardening activity, are generally thought to offer the best environment for worker rehabilitation since they provide the nearest reproduction of actual work experience.

work hardening

a highly structured, goal-oriented, individualized treatment program designed to maximize a person's ability to return to work. Work hardening uses work (real or simulated) as a treatment modality.

work hard·en·ing

(wŏrk hahr'dĕn-ing)
A multidisciplinary program where actual work tasks are performed to rehabilitate an injured worker in preparation for a return to the job.
See also: work conditioning

work hard·en·ing

(wŏrk hahr'dĕn-ing)
A multidisciplinary progam where actual work tasks are performed to rehabilitate an injured worker. The focus of therapy is to stimulate a regular work routine where therapy is regimented as a precursor to return to work.
See also: work conditioning
References in periodicals archive ?
The overlay plots illustrated in Figure 5 validate that additional cold working in all of the elbows increases the stress performance over the tube.
The effects of stress, re-rounding and cold working are visible within the signal profiles of this data set.
It reduces cold working to a degree at least equal to that of laser shock peening.
ESC allowed a controlled grain size, permitting cold working of the alloy to form a relatively thin sheet unattainable by other processing techniques.
Other nondestructive testing methods cannot accurately assess the effectiveness of cold working on fastener holes in aluminum alloys due to their material characteristics.
For the measurement and characterization of the RS gradients from the surface and through the thickness of springs, material can be removed electro-chemically so as to avoid cold working the spring and introducing unwanted RS.
Factory walk-out girls no longer wanted WOMEN and girl office workers who walked out of a Cardiff biscuit factory in protest against cold working conditions were told today their services were no longer required.
The standard gives practical instructions for risk analysis and management in cold working conditions.
Shot peening is a cold working process, which enhances the fatigue life of parts usually associated with the aerospace, medical, auto-sport and other critical product industries.
This has been accomplished by using stand-alone high resolution magnetic flux leakage (MFL) ILI tools with their known limitations in assessing mechanical damage and by caliper tools that are proven capable of detecting and quantifying significant denting, but not denting with associated metal loss or cold working of the parent metal.
But a lot of people are out there in the cold working to get things done.
The installation of this part, using cold working technology, ensures that the hole is protected from fatigue cracking and that the nut is allowed to float.