Because of its nature as an intracellular spirochete, similar to HIV as an intracellular virus, the Borrelia species and its family of coinfections
reduce the function and number of T cells, mainly natural killer cells in many patients.
But when these flulike symptoms are particularly pronounced and the patient does not respond to standard Lyme treatment, consider the possibility of babesial coinfection
Lyme patients often have digestive issues, which can be caused by the Borrelia and coinfections
themselves, by opportunistic infections such as intestinal parasites, yeast overgrowth, and H.
If I need more solid grounding on coinfections
, I will use IGeneX.
Miltefosine was used in 2 patients with HIV coinfection
who had relapses, but relapses recurred, 1 while the patient was still receiving the drug (9).
Moreover, 7 of 9 specimens with NoV GI/GII coinfection
exhibited higher eDNA viral load of GII than that of GI.
Many distinct causative agents transmitted by the same vector make coinfection
and, consequently, the simultaneous presence of more than 1 tickborne disease possible.
We believe that the techniques we used should have been sensitive enough to detect such coinfections
, and that competition between two Bartonella species may result in one species being eliminated and the flea becoming infected with the other Bartonella species, Further studies are indicated to confirm this possibility.
Moreover, this system detects a higher proportion of coinfections
than typing by DNA sequencing of several genetic loci, probably because it is more sensitive at detecting alleles present in low amounts (11,13).
Polymicrobial diseases involve multiple infectious agents and are referred to as complex, complicated, mixed, dual, secondary, synergistic, concurrent, polymicrobial, coinfections
These presentations emphasized the importance of considering coinfections
in chronic disease pathology.
8%) of 191 samples represented coinfections
with multiple genotypes.