nootropic

(redirected from Cognitive enhancers)
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no·o·trop·ic

(nō-ō-trop'ik),
Denotes an agent having an effect on memory.

nootropic

[nō·ətrop′ik]
a chemical designed to increase brain metabolism.

nootropic

adjective Referring to a nootropic agent.
 
noun Any agent—drug, functional food, nutraceutical or nutritional supplement—which is thought to improve mental function, including attention, cognition, concentration, memory or motivation, allegedly by increasing the availability of neurotransmitters, enzymes or hormones, and by increasing O2 delivery or stimulating neural activity.

There is little clinical evidence that most agents advertised as nootropics actually work as advertised.

nootropic

(nō″ă-trŏp′ĭk) [Gr. nous, mind + tropikos, turning, affecting]
Capable of improving or preserving memory, of potentiating learning, or of preventing cognitive decline or dementia.
References in periodicals archive ?
An online poll by the journal Nature found that out of 1,400 academics, one in five claimed they had used cognitive enhancers, such as the sleep-disorder drug modafinil, to improve performance or cope with jet lag.
Among their topics are the neurochemistry of wakefulness and sleep, evidence from the laboratory for the utility of caffeine, stimulants in models of shift work and shift work disorder, cognitive enhancers versus stimulants, light exposure for improving cognition during sleep loss and circadian misalignment, and the use of stimulants in operational settings.
But Professor Barbara Sahakian, best known for her expertise on cognitive enhancers, has asked people to prioritise mental health in the same way as physical health.
Prior to a scheduled meeting, the pharmacy generates a computerized report on all residents who are ordered one more of the following type of medications: antidepressants, anxiolytics, sedative/hypnotics, antipsychotics, cognitive enhancers, and the anticonvulsants (often used as mood stabilizers).
Lund said cognitive therapy helps in treating these disorders; however, the rate of relapse or resistance to therapy justifies the search for novel cognitive enhancers that could control anxiety disorders more effectively.
USING the word 'smart' when writing about amphetaminebased cognitive enhancers could not be further from the truth.
Finally, society might find that the benefits from cognitive enhancers not only outweigh the risks, but are so significant that society has a moral obligation to make these products available to everyone regardless of ability to pay.
We can see that we might now have a target for drugs that are different from the standard class of cognitive enhancers," he added.
As part of its "War on Alzheimer's Disease," Wyeth has 11 compounds in development including beta-amyloid inhibitors (in partnership with Elan Pharmaceuticals), gamma secretase inhibitors, plasminogen activator inhibitors and cognitive enhancers.
Drugs considered include stimulants, mood stabilizers, cognitive enhancers for Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors.
Endorsing the legal non-therapeutic use of methyphenidate or other cognitive enhancers now is premature.
Vinpocetine is truly a revolutionary product and the popularity of cognitive enhancers like ginkgo biloba is a good indication that this product will do well in the U.

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