developmental disability

(redirected from Cognitive disabilities)
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disability

 [dis″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

developmental disability

n.
A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.

developmental disability (DD)

a pathological condition that starts developing before 18 years of age. Most developmental disabilities persist throughout the individual's life, although many can be effectively treated. See also congenital anomaly.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
References in periodicals archive ?
We've known for quite some time that individuals with cognitive disabilities get depressed the same as other individuals for the same kinds of things, such as siblings moving on, loss of a caregiver or a roommate, or death of a parent," he said.
Cognitive disabilities and the web: Where accessibility and usability meet?
Dealing with flexibility in assessments for students with significant cognitive disabilities (Synthesis Report 60).
8220;We are pleased to support Kelly's endeavor to empower adults with cognitive disabilities, and give them the tools they need to succeed.
Hemorrhagic stroke patients may experience diverse cognitive disabilities, involving impairments of attention, orientation, communication, memory, problem solving, and judgment (Guise, Feyz, LeBlanc, Richard, & Lamoureux, 2005; Mavaddat, Sahakian, Hutchinson, & Kirkpatrick, 1999; Scheid et al.
Yet, researchers and practitioners do not have a clear national picture of the extent to which students with the most significant cognitive disabilities have access to the general curriculum in the context of learning with their peers without disabilities.
Female hormones may buffer the effects of lead exposure, which could explain why boys are more likely to develop lead-associated cognitive disabilities, a new study found.
This is a Catholic high school program geared to young men with mild to moderate cognitive disabilities.
I want to stress that the vast majority of students with disabilities do not have significant cognitive disabilities,'' he clarified, saying they may have speech, learning or physical disabilities.
She further said that in parts of India and Nepal children with cognitive disabilities are believed to have divine qualities.
They will also understand and be able to properly meet the needs of customers with sensory and cognitive disabilities as well as those of older travelers who may have multiple needs, the organisation said.
Treatments exist for symptoms including hallucinations and paranoia but an effective method has yet to be established for cognitive disabilities caused by the disease.

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