coenzymes


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coenzymes

Small organic molecules, acting as cofactors that must bind to an enzyme before it can function properly. Tightly-bound coenzymes are called prosthetic groups; loosely-bound coenzymes are more like cosubstrates. Most of the B vitamins are coenzymes.
References in periodicals archive ?
A huge research advance in 2012 showed that the coenzyme pyrroloquinoline quinone (or PQQ) activates genes that induce mitochondrial biogenesis--the spontaneous formation of new mitochondria in aging cells
Cutting-edge scientific evidence has demonstrated that components of shilajit serve as electron reservoirs, replenishing electrons lost by CoQ10 and allowing this vital coenzyme to remain active longer.
Supplemental coenzyme Q10 blocks mitochondrial aging, while PQQ triggers the creation of new mitochondria.
Newly released research underscores the vital importance of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) to mitochondrial health.
Pantetheine forms a chunk of a larger molecule, coenzyme A.
Among other things, coenzyme A helps amino acids hook together and aids in making peptides.
Moreover, the building blocks of coenzyme A "have been shown to be probable prebiotic compounds," the chemists observe.
Had the building blocks of coenzyme A emerged independently near lakes or oceans, they could have been incorporated more easily into early self-replicating chemical systems or metabolic cycles, he adds.
Coenzyme Q10 is well established to be a clinically relevant first-line antioxidant in our defense system against excess oxidative stress.
Coenzyme Q10's ability to fundamentally improve the production of energy and the antioxidant defense in every cell of the body has brought about many remarkable and unexpected improvements in all aspects of human health.
Evidence for a deficiency of coenzyme Q10 in human heart disease.
Response of patients in classes III and IV of cardiomyopathy to therapy in a blind and crossover trial with coenzyme Q10.