The aerial parts of Coccinia grandis (CG), Costus specious (CS), Desmodium gangeticum (DG), Mimosa pudica (MP) and Psidium guava (PG) were collected from the central province of Sri Lanka and identified by comparison with the respective herbarium specimen available at the National Herbarium of the Peradeniya Botanical Gardens in Kandy, Sri Lanka.
Some of the herbs have more than one method of preparation and administration Herb Traditional Method of Preparation and Administration Coccinia grandis Decoction is prepared with 120g of dried or fresh leaves or the entire creeper added to 1 L of water and approximately 120 mL of the extract is administered twice per day Costus specious Decoction is prepared with approximately 20g of dried or fresh leave or the entire creeper added to 1 L of water and approximately 120 mL of the extract is administered twice per day A salad is prepared where the leaves are cut into thin slices, added with scraped coconut, a pinch of salt, turmeric and mixed well.
For the sake of comparison, edible portions of Coccinia grandis and Trigonella foenum-graecum which were collected from Mysore, India were also considered for the analysis.
Torchata/Torcha/ Amaranthaceae Horbaita (2) Coccinia grandis (L.
The leaves, roots and fruits of Coccinia grandis (L.
Leaves of Cajanus cajan is used to treat osteoporosis, pasted juice obtain from Coccinia grandis is used to treat osteoarthritis and joint pain.
Azolla filiculoides, Cabomba caroliniana, Eichhornia crassipes, Pistia stratiotes, and Saluinia molesta), humid terrestrial weeds (Ageratina adenophora, Chromolaena odorata, Clidemia hirta, Coccinia grandis
, Cyperus rotundus, Ipomea carnea, Lantana camara, Mikania micrantha, Mimosa spp.
Antidyslipidemic activity of extract and fractions of Coccinia grandis
Plant samples Dose (mg/kg) Body weight Food intake TG Ethanolic extract 500 NC NC -51*** Chloroform fraction 250 NC NC -30 n-Butanol fraction 250 NC NC -46 Water fraction 250 NC NC -36 Plant samples TC HDLC GLY FFA Ratio: HDLC/TC Ethanolic extract -44*** -23* -53*** -8 +36 Chloroform fraction -31 -35 -39 -30 NC n-Butanol fraction -23 -29 -32 NC -6 Water fraction -12 -35 -31 +15 -27 Values are percent changes with respect to HFD-fed hamster group (group of eight animals each).
Root juice of Coccinia grandis
was mixed with coconut oil and applied to the head for mental diseases.
Twenty three Bangladeshi medicinal plants (Abroma augusta, Acanthus ilicifolius, Alstonia scholaris, Calotropis procera, Catharanthus roseus, Citrus grandis, Coccinia grandis
, Croton tiglium, Cuscuta reflexa, Excoecaria agallocha, Heritiera fomes, Ipomoea aquatica, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Madhuca indica, Musa sapientum, Nypa fruticans, Piper peepuloides, Premna esculenta, Saraca asoca, Sonneratia apetala, Stevia rebaudiana, Syzygium fruticosum, and Trichosanthes dioica) were collected from various regions of Bangladesh following accounts of their medicinal uses (Ghani, A.