Cluster Investigation

A review of an unusual number—real or perceived—of health events—e.g., reports of cancer—grouped together in time and location
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When subject matter experts in the Environmental Medicine Program of the US Army Public Health Command (USAPHC) are alerted to a reported "cluster" of cancer cases with a potential environmental exposure, the decision process determining whether the reported situation warrants a cancer cluster investigation should follow the scientific guidelines set forth by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for investigating clusters of health events.
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that 95 percent of state health departments surveyed (N = 37) reported having a cancer cluster investigation or inquiry.
The scope of this cancer cluster investigation exceeded any previous study of pediatric leukemia.
The 5-acre site was part of a cancer cluster investigation in the 1980s and 1990s and was listed on the state's Superfund list.
In addition, problems associated with cluster investigation may affect SAHSU reports, " it adds.
Although most investigations of non-infectious-disease clusters are resource intensive and rarely contribute to an understanding of the etiology of the disease--particularly in the case of cluster concerns that center on past environmental exposures--the El Paso cluster request had a number of unique features that prompted TDH to pursue the cluster investigation (Williamson & Henry, 2004).
In addition the relationship between the environment and disease, and the science underlying cluster investigation (e.
When the cluster investigation is done, the results are most likely to be inconclusive.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted a thorough investigation into the Fallon cancer duster; in fact, it was the largest cancer cluster investigation ever undertaken in the United States.
On another front, Stone suggested the cancer cluster investigation after neighbors raised fears about acute myelogenous leukemia, a common form of cancer.
We describe an outbreak of multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB among foreign-born migrant workers that was identified by genotype cluster investigation.
This might include familiarizing oneself with the specialist statistical methodologies of cluster investigation (beyond calculation of the SMR), as such methods are not part of the routine armory of the public health specialist (Elliott et al.