enterotoxemia

(redirected from Clostridium perfringens enterotoxemia)
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enterotoxemia

 [en″ter-o-tok-se´me-ah]
a condition characterized by the presence in the blood of toxins produced in the intestines.

enterotoxemia

/en·tero·tox·e·mia/ (en″ter-o-tok-se´me-ah) a condition characterized by the presence in the blood of toxins produced in the intestines.

en·ter·o·tox·e·mi·a

(en'tĕr-ō-tok-sē'mē-ă)
The presence of an enterotoxin in the blood.
Synonym(s): enterotoxaemia.
[enterotoxin + G. haima, blood]

enterotoxemia

a condition characterized by the presence in the blood of toxins produced in the intestines.

Clostridium perfringens enterotoxemia
all of the types of C. perfringens cause profound enteroxemia with sudden death as the principal manifestation. The postmortem lesions in type D (pulpy kidney disease) enterotoxemia are minimal especially if the course is short. In types A, B, C and E there is a severe enteritis with diarrhea and dysentery. The diseases are most common in young rapidly growing ruminants but foals and piglets are sometimes affected.
coliform enterotoxemia
see Escherichia coli enterotoxemia (below).
Escherichia coli enterotoxemia
calves with an enteric infection with the relevant serotype of E. coli show sudden collapse, subnormal temperature, coma, slow irregular heart rate, collapse of veins and pale mucosae. The course is short and affected calves die within 2-6 hours. Postmortem lesions are limited to flaccidity of the intestines and the presence of thin, yellow contents.
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