Clostridium perfringens

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Related to Clostridium perfringens: Clostridium difficile, Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin

Clos·trid·i·um per·frin·'gens

a bacterial species that is the chief causative agent of gas gangrene in humans and a cause of gas gangrene in other animals, especially sheep; it may also be involved in causing enteritis, appendicitis, and puerperal fever; it is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the U. S. This organism is found in soil, water, milk, dust, sewage, and the intestinal tract of humans and other animals.

Clostridium perfringens

A bacterium that can cause gas gangrene and food poisoning in humans and various diseases in livestock.

Clostridium perfringens

Etymology: Gk, kloster, spindle
a species of anaerobic gram-positive bacteria capable of causing gas gangrene and food poisoning in humans and various digestive and urinary tract diseases in livestock. The oval spores of the bacteria are found in the soil and in the intestinal tracts of humans and animals. It is the third most common form of food poisoning in the United States and the United Kingdom. Incubation time is 6 to 24 hours, usually 10-12 hours. Symptoms include abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Vomiting is rare. Also called Clostridium welchii.
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Clostridium perfringens

Clostridium perfringens

Infectious disease An anaerobic gram-positive spore-forming rod, widely distributed in nature and present in the intestine of humans and other mammals. C perfringens type A accounts for ±15% of outbreaks of food poisoning in the US

Clos·trid·i·um per·frin·gens

(klos-trid'ē-ŭm pĕr-frin'jenz)
A bacterial species that causes gas gangrene; it also may be involved in causing enteritis, appendicitis, and puerperal fever. It is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the U.S.
Synonym(s): gas bacillus, Welch bacillus.


a genus of anaerobic spore-forming bacteria of the family Bacillaceae. Most are gram-positive rods.

Clostridium bifermentans, Clostridium sordelli
see malignant edema.
Clostridium botulinum
causes botulism from neurotoxin produced during vegetative growth. C. botulinum types B, C and D are associated with disease in animals but the type prevalence varies geographically. See botulism.
Clostridium butyricum
involved in the spoilage of meat.
Clostridium cadaveris
may be associated with colitis X in horses.
Clostridium chauvoei
formerly called C. feseri. See blackleg.
Clostridium colinum
cause of ulcerative enteritis and liver necrosis in quail, turkeys, grouse, partridge and chickens. Not an accredited species.
Clostridium difficile
see antibiotic-associated colitis.
Clostridium feseri
now called C. chauvoei (above).
Clostridium haemolyticum
formerly called C. novyi type D. See bacillary hemoglobinuria.
Clostridium histolyticum
a species found in feces, soil and sometimes wound infections. An important cause of meat spoilage.
Clostridium nigrificans
a thermophilic spoiler of canned meat producing hydrogen sulfide gas and causing purple staining of the inside of the can. Now called Desulfotomaculum nigrificans.
Clostridium novyi
see infectious necrotic hepatitis. See also C. haemolyticum (above). Previously called C. oedematiens. Type A causes malignant edema in cattle and sheep, and big head in rams, type B causes infectious necrotic hepatitis (black disease), and type C has been associated with osteomyelitis in buffalo.
Clostridium overgrowth
see bacterial overgrowth.
Clostridium parabotulinum
a proteolytic subgroup of C. botulinum; not a valid species.
Clostridium perfringens
cause of enterotoxemia. Type A causes malignant edema, type B causes dysentery in lambs and enterotoxemia, type C causes struck in sheep and necrotic enteritis in piglets, type D causes enterotoxemia and type E causes necrotic enteritis. Previously called C. welchii.
Clostridium putrefaciens
causes deep bone taint in hams. See also C. putrificum (below).
Clostridium putrificum
a cause of bone taint in cured hams. There is no detectable abnormality on the surface of the ham.
Clostridium septicum
formerly called C. septique. See malignant edema, braxy.
Clostridium sordelli
cause of a small proportion of cases of gas gangrene in ruminants. See also abomasitis.
Clostridium spiroforme
associated with enteritis and enterocolitis in rabbits, guinea pigs and foals.
Clostridium sporogenes
an apathogenic clostridium often found in lesions of gas gangrene.
Clostridium tetani
a common inhabitant of soil and human and horse intestines, and the cause of tetanus in humans and domestic animals.
Clostridium villosum
found in fight abscesses and pleurisy in cats.
Clostridium welchii
see C. perfringens (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
Clostridium perfringens was found in high concentrations and C sordellii in low concentrations in mud from the pool bottom.
Therefore, the objective of this study aimed to evaluate the effect of an organic acid blend and a probiotic in comparison with an antibiotic on the performance, blood biochemical profile, ileal histology and antioxidant status in broilers during the finishing stage exposed to Clostridium perfringens.
Fatal foodborne Clostridium perfringens illness at a state psychiatric hospital-Louisiana, 2010.
Distribution of Clostridium perfringens and fecal sterols in a benthic coastal marine environment influenced by the sewage outfall from McMurdo station, Antarctica.
Multiplex PCR assay for toxino typing Clostridium perfringens isolates obtained from Finnish broiler chickens.
Enterococcus faecalis 1 Escherichia coli 9 Clostridium perfringens 1 Polymicrobial contaminated sample ([dagger]) Total 29 6 5 MALDI-TOF direct blood culture ID results and Biotyper score Unreliable No Peaks ID (<1.
Clostridium perfringens and somatic coliphages as indicators of the efficiency of drinking water treatment for viruses and protozoan cysts.

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