Clostridium difficile colitis


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Clostridium difficile colitis

Infectious disease Colonic infection by C difficile Clinical Some are asymptomic and become C difficile carriers; more commonly, diarrhea, abdominal pain, colitis, fever, vomiting dehydration; if severe, pseudomembranous colitis, with possible perforation Diagnosis Stool—cytotoxicity assay is sensitive–≥ 94% and specific–≥ 99%, but expensive; ELISAs are more cost-effective but less sensitive Lab ↑ WBC Treatment Metronidazole–98% response rate, vancomycin–96%, bacitracin–83%, cholestyramine–68%. See Pseudomembranous colitis.
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Fecal lactoferrin, interleukin-1beta, and interleukin-8 are elevated in patients with severe Clostridium difficile colitis.
Clostridium difficile colitis after kidney and kidney-pancreas transplantation.
Relatively poor outcome after treatment of Clostridium difficile colitis with metronidazole.
Treatment of antibiotic-associated clostridium difficile colitis with oral vancomycin: comparison of two dosage regimens.
Diarrhea, the major cause of the hypokalemia, was due primarily to Clostridium difficile colitis, and the patient's stool also was positive for Cryptosporidium antigen.
Impact of emergency colectomy on survival of patients with fulminant Clostridium difficile colitis during an epidemic caused by a hypervirulent strain.
Corticosteroid use may increase the risk of complications leading to colectomy and death in patients with Clostridium difficile colitis, Sherri L.
Background: We sought to describe the characteristics of patients who had Clostridium difficile colitis complicated by leukemoid reactions (total leukocyte count greater than 35 X [10.
Clostridium difficile colitis is a major complication of antibiotic therapy.
Studies of Clostridium difficile colitis in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (a) No.
Severe Clostridium difficile colitis resolved in eight of nine patients who received intracolonic vancomycin in addition to standard antimicrobial therapy, said Dr.
SAN DIEGO -- Clostridium difficile colitis appears to have become an increasingly aggressive infection since the mid-1990s, Dr.

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