Closed Skill Sport

A self-paced sport—e.g., golf, running—in which the environment is stable, unchanging and predictable; closed skill sports tend to require internally-directed attentional focus
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Table 1 Participation by Sport and Sex Open Skill Sports Closed Skill Sports Sport Type Sex Male Female Male Female Baseball 28 Basketball 10 6 Field hockey 11 Ice hockey 14 20 Lacrosse 26 25 Soccer 16 9 Softball 23 Tennis 7 Volleyball 10 Wrestling 12 Cross country 7 21 Golf 6 Gymnastics 11 Swimming 5 10 Track & field 34 26 Total 106 111 46 74 Table 2 Means and Standard Deviations by SIQ Subscale Open-Skill Sports Male Female M SD M SD Cognitive Specific 6.
Examples: Golf, bowling, archery, most track and field events, competitive weightlifting, and tee-ball all have the requisites of closed skill sports.