Clonorchis sinensis


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Clo·nor·chis si·nen·sis

(klō-nōr'kis sī-nen'sis),
The Asiatic liver fluke, a species of trematodes (family Opisthorchiidae) that in the Far East infects the bile passages of humans and other fish-eating animals; cyprinoid fish serve as chief second intermediate hosts, and various operculate snails serve as the first intermediate hosts.

Clonorchis sinensis

[klōnôr′kis sinen′sis]
the Chinese or Oriental liver fluke, a trematode that is acquired by humans who eat raw, imperfectly cooked, pickled, salted, or smoked fish that is the intermediate host of the parasite. The fluke exists in a dormant stage as a cercaria, encysted in the skin of a fish and unable to continue its life cycle until ingested by a warm-blooded animal, in which the larvae mature and produce eggs. The eggs are excreted in the feces of the host to enter water, where the new generation evolves first in aquatic snails and then in fish. In human hosts the liver fluke lives in the bile ducts and gallbladder, causing chronic liver disease with enlargement of the liver, diarrhea, edema, and, eventually, death. Cholangitis, cholelithiasis, pancreatitis, and cholangiosarcoma are common complications and may be fatal. The adult fluke can survive in the biliary duct of its host for up to 50 years. Treatment is with praziquantel or albendazole. Also called Opisthorchis sinensis.

Clo·nor·chis si·nen·sis

(klō-nōr'kis sī-nen'sis)
The Chinese liver fluke, a species of trematodes that in East Asia infects the bile passages; fish serve as second intermediate hosts and snails as first intermediate hosts.

Clonorchis sinensis

(klō-nor′kĭs sī-nĕn′sĭs)
The Chinese liver fluke, an important cause of biliary disease, esp. in Asia.

Patient discussion about Clonorchis sinensis

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References in periodicals archive ?
Haemoptysis and transitory lung-infiltrations associated with Clonorchis sinensis .
Risk factors of cholangiocarcinogenesis, after Ghouri et al [2] Primary sclerosing cholangitis Hepatolithiasis Liver flukes--Opistorchis vierrini and Clonorchis sinensis Caroli's disease Congenital hepatic fibrosis Viral hepatitis B and C infection Liver cirrhosis Obesity and diabetes Chemical compounds--dioxin, thorotrast Choledocal cysts
Moreover, inflammation of the biliary epithelium as a result of parasitic infections, mostly by flukes--such as Clonorchis sinensis and Platynosomum fastosum --has been associated with biliary carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma in dogs and cats, respectively (ANDRADE et al.
Clonorchiasis, another parasitic disease of humans, is caused by ingestion of raw freshwater fish harboring infective Clonorchis sinensis metacercariae (3,4).
Dentre estas especies destacam-se: Clonorchis sinensis e Opisthorchis viverrini, endemicos da Asia, Opisthorchis felineus da Europa Oriental e Metorchis conjunctus da America do Norte (2).
Common human liver flukes include Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini, Fasciola hepatica and Schistosoma species.
To the Editor: Clonorchiasis is a biliary tract disease caused by Clonorchis sinensis , which is widely distributed in East Asia, including China.
Although presence of the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis is well documented in Vietnam (3), evidence of the presence of the more common liver fluke of Southeast Asia, Opisthorchis viverrini, is only circumstantial.
To the Editor: Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis, the 2 major species of small liver flukes (family Opisthorchiidae), cause chronic inflammation in the bile duct, which leads to cholangitis and cirrhosis of the liver, and are a predisposing factor for cholangiocarcinoma (1).
Descriptive analysis of fishborne zoonotic trematode and fish species in nursery systems in Nam Dinh and Ninh Binh provinces, northern Vietnam * Fishborne zoonotic trematode species, n/N (%) Fish species and culture system Clonorchis sinensis Haplorchis pumilio Overall 12/797 (1.
Gnathostoma spinigerum, Strongyloides stercoralis, Paragonimus westermanii, Paragonimus miyazakii, Fasciola hepatica, Clonorchis sinensis, Spirometra erinacei, Taenia solium, and Trichinella spp.