classical swine fever

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Related to classical swine fever: African swine fever, Swine erysipelas

classical swine fever

A highly infectious, often fatal viral disease of swine, characterized by fever, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. It occurs worldwide. Also called hog cholera.

classical, classic

the first recognized form of the item; serving as a standard model or guide. See also classical conditioning, east coast fever.

classical conditioning
classical pathway
one of the two pathways of complement activation, initiated by antigen-antibody complexes and involving C1, C2 and C4. It leads to activation of C3 and the terminal pathway. See also alternate complement pathway.
classical swine fever
now the universally accepted name for hog cholera and different from African swine fever (ASF). A highly infectious disease of pigs caused by a pestivirus and characterized in its classical form by high fever, lassitude, purple discoloration of abdominal skin, conjunctivitis and nervous signs including circling, incoordination, tremor and convulsions. Most affected pigs die at 5 to 7 days with a characteristic petechiation under the kidney capsule—turkey egg kidney. There is a second form, characterized by nervous signs and caused by a strain of virus of lower virulence. Other syndromes caused by low virulence strains are reproductive inefficiency and congenital defects including myotonia congenita. Also known as congenital trembles.


pertaining to or emanating from swine (pigs, hogs). See also porcine.

African swine fever
see african swine fever.
classical swine fever
see classical swine fever.
swine dysentery
a contagious disease of young pigs caused by Brachyspirahyodysenteriae, characterized by severe porridge-like diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, dehydration and heavy morbidity and mortality rates.
swine erysipelas
swine fever
see classical swine fever; African swine fever.
swine influenza
a highly contagious upper respiratory disease of pigs caused by swine influenza virus and a concurrent infection with Haemophilus influenzae. Clinical signs include fever, stiffness, recumbency, labored breathing, sneezing, paroxysmal cough and nasal and ocular discharge. Called also ferkelgrippe.
swine paramyxovirus
see paramyxovirus encephalomyelitis.
swine paratyphoid
swine plague
fibrinous pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida. May occur in outbreak form with a number of litters of young pigs being affected within a short time.
swine vesicular disease
is a highly infectious disease of pigs caused by an enterovirus related to human coxsackie B5 virus. It is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease in pigs. Vesicular lesions occur at the coronet, causing severe lameness, and in the mouth and on the snout.
vesicular exanthema of swine
see vesicular exanthema of swine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Classical Swine Fever Control Programme has also been included in the scheme.
Prevalence of antibodies to classical swine fever, Aujeszky's disease, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, and bovine viral diarrhea viruses in wild boars in Croatia.
The classical swine fever outbreak that threatened to cripple Britain's pig industry could have been caused by a discarded pork sandwich.
To reduce the public health risk and enhance the economic and trade potential, Bosnia and Herzegovina has been part of the Western Balkans programme on control and eradication of rabies and classical swine fever.
today confirmed outbreaks of classical swine fever (CSF) at two of its hog farms in Romania.
The re-opening of the Japanese market, closed since an outbreak of Classical Swine Fever in 2000, is the culmination of a series of trade missions by the British Pig Executive (BPEX).
Classical swine fever, which is not native to Europe, had entered the German wild boar population and was regularly infecting farm pigs there, while the ``particularly nasty'' disease blue tongue had crossed over from Africa to infect sheep in southern Europe.
In: Classical swine fever and emerging diseases in Southeast Asia.
And classical swine fever, which hit the pig industry last year, is also likely to have been caused by illegally imported meat.
A new outbreak of classical swine fever was confirmed yesterday, bringing the total number of cases to eight.
Under the arrangement, each country intends to accept each other s decisions on establishing, maintaining and releasing a disease control and eradication zone if an outbreak of a foreign animal disease, such as foot-and-mouth disease or classical swine fever, occurs.
Britain used to export between 1,000 and 2,000 pigs to Japan each year but the trade was halted by the outbreak of classical swine fever in 2000.