The reason is unknown; removal of colour in cladograms
3 and 8 resulted in increases in Kandosol confidence levels.
The distributional pattern and diversification of Heterostylum were analyzed through an area cladogram
derived from the phylogenetic hypothesis.
As shown in the cladograms
obtained for both unistrigatus groups, the LD (Fig.
2]) is also a homoplastic character that allows the recognition of the members of this clade (see Table 2); however, it is ambiguous concerning the optimization in the cladogram
This clade is composed of five families in the cladogram
of Bremer et al.
Since the condition present in the gonorynchiform and in the fossil taxa examined is also not clear, either because it was difficult to discern this feature or because a distinct primordial ligament is seemingly missing, such an attachment of this ligament on the dorsal surface of the coronoid process was scored in the cladogram
as a potential ostariophysan synapomorphy.
If areas of endemism are considered to be equivalent to generalized tracks (Harold and Mooi, 1994; Morrone, 2001), it is possible to use Goloboff fit to explore the sensibility of PAE cladograms
for area identification.
Morphological analyses, although showing discrepancies from the combined or IRBP consensus cladograms
and with low nodal support values, recovered several clades similar to the combined and IRBP analyses.
produced is your hypothesis about how these taxa are related to each other.
For most of the past 20 yr, I have focused on species-level cladograms
, largely in Colombia and Ecuador, the area of greatest species diversity.
Practicing Cladists" believe that cladograms
are hypotheses to be tested with further data and rejected if a better hypothesis is found.
represent only one feature of phylogenetic development, namely, branching sequence.