Evolution of the influenza A(H5) haemagglutinin: WHO/OIE/FAO H5 Working Group reports a new clade
A discriminant function analysis of 10 log-corrected ecomorphological features showed that all five principal clades
identified solely on the basis of monophyly are diagnosable (Wilks' lambda = 0.
The basal diversification of the neotropical clades
c and D indicates a distributional fragmentation from the caribbean areas (figs.
Within Apiaceae, four major clades
are evident, the earliest diverging of which is Mackinlayoideae, followed by the Platysace clade
2011) generally have assumed that the two mtDNA clades
are fixed in their respective localities and that the putative hybridization between C.
There was weak support for a clade
of "brevignatha Maui" + "macracantha Maui + Lanai", which, if upheld, would render T.
Our results strongly suggest that the 3 families are closely related and separated from families Penaeidae and Solenoceridae, however, the status of each family within Clade
D will require further molecular analysis.
Influenza A(H5N6) viruses have an internal gene backbone from clade
may have facilitated the adaptation of the species to conditions in China.
Our review was concordant with the results obtained in our laboratories and showed that three of the threatened species are sister to clades
with a large number of species or genera.
There are two well-supported (between 90-100% BS) clades
, both of which include samples of M.
The uncorrected-p sequence divergence distances showed significant differences among the three clades
: (1) the Philippine lowland endemic Otus (including Mimizuku), (2) the non-Philippine lowland Otus, and (3) the montane clade