tort(redirected from Civil tort)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.
Etymology: L, tortus, twisted
(in law) a civil wrong, other than a breach of contract. Torts include negligence, false imprisonment, assault, and battery. The elements of a tort are a legal duty owed by the defendant to the plaintiff, a breach of duty, and damage from the breach of duty. A tort may be constitutional, in which one person deprives another of a right or immunity guaranteed by the Constitution; personal, in which a person or a person's reputation or feelings are injured; or intentional, in which the wrong is a deliberate act that is unlawful. Many other kinds of torts exist. tortious, adj.
tortLaw & medicine An act deemed unlawful and capable of triggering a civil action; the wrongdoer–tortfeasor may be held liable in damages. See Malpractice, Negligence Opthalmology verb To rotate an eye on its anteroposterior axis.
n civil infractions (except for breach of contract) that result in injury entitling compensation. Includes but is not limited to trespassing, negligence, and defamation.
n a legal wrong perpetrated on a person or property, independent of contract.