Next, it is unquestionable that intentional violations of Miranda will continue to spur future civil actions
against law enforcement officers.
The civil actions
accuse the officers of brutality, unjustified shootings, racial profiling, excessive force, assaults, intimidation, illegal search and seizures, torture, perjury, falsification of evidence, and the filing of false police reports.
On Tuesday, in Dallas, Texas, a former Representative of the Company, Denise Marsh, asked the District Court in Texas to certify her individual civil action
as a class action on behalf of most, if not all, of the IRSRs in the Company.
Vacco said he had filed civil actions
against First United and Investors Associates.
DIRECTV's intensified campaign to protect the security of its signal includes civil actions
and criminal referrals, frequent raids in cooperation with local, state and federal law enforcement agencies and the transmission of electronic counter-measures, designed to disable illegally modified access cards.
The Justice Department criminal investigations have gathered force and direction in the shadow of high-profile civil actions
, especially lawsuits filed by five states seeking to recover health care costs related to smoking and a giant class-action suit brought by about 60 law firms on behalf of all American smokers who said they were addicted.
During the past five years, Cadiz has initiated a number of civil actions
against Waste Management in relation to the Rail-Cycle proposal.
Critics of civil actions
blame supposedly `runaway' verdicts with crippling business and raising consumer prices.