citrate

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citrate

 [sit´rāt, si´trāt]
any anionic form, salt, or ester of citric acid.
citrate phosphate dextrose (CPD) a solution containing citric acid, sodium citrate, monobasic sodium phosphate, and dextrose that is the primary anticoagulant used for preservation of whole blood or red blood cells for up to 21 days. The official USP name is anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose solution.
citrate phosphate dextrose adenine (CPDA-1) an anticoagulant solution, containing citric acid, sodium citrate, monobasic sodium phosphate, dextrose, and adenine, used for the preservation of whole blood and red blood cells for up to 35 days; it extends red cell survival by providing adenine needed for the maintenance of red cell ATP levels. The official USP name is anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose adenine solution.

cit·rate

(sit'rāt, sī'trāt), Avoid the eccentric pronunciation sī'trāt, which is supported by precedent or analogy with related words.
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as anticoagulants because they bind calcium ions.

citrate

/cit·rate/ (sit´rāt) a salt of citric acid.
citrate phosphate dextrose  (CPD) anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose solution.
citrate phosphate dextrose adenine  (CPDA-1) anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose adenine solution.

citrate

[sit′rāt, sī′trāt]
Etymology: L, kitron, citron
1 an anion of citric acid.
2 the act of treating with a citrate or citric acid. citration, n.

cit·rate

(sit'rāt)
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as an anticoagulant because it binds calcium ions.

buffering agents

substances which when ingested induce alkalosis and so counteract and limit reduction in pH during exercise. Important agents include sodium bicarbonate and sodium citrate; the minimum dose for improvement in performance is about 2 g.kg-1 body mass. See also ergogenic aids; appendix 4.4 .

cit·rate

(sit'rāt)
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as anticoagulant.

citrate

any salt of citric acid. Citrate is the first intermediate of the citric acid cycle and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. It also plays an important role in fatty acid synthesis which takes place in the cytoplasm. It acts as a carrier of acetyl-CoA, the construction material for fatty acids. The movement is assisted by two enzymes, citrate-condensing enzyme, which catalyzes the condensation of the acetyl unit with oxaloacetate in the mitochondria, and citrate-cleavage enzyme (citrate lyase), which catalyzes the release of the acetyl radical in the cytoplasm of the cell.

citrate cleavage enzyme
important enzyme in fatty acid synthesis from glucose; catalyzes the split of citrate to acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate.
citrate synthase
first enzyme of the TCA cycle catalyzing the formation of citrate from acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the basis of these findings it is concluded that oral administration of clomiphene citrate is teratogenic in mice within the dose limits prescribed to patients by the doctors particularly if such exposure occurs during organogenesis.
Three Neon et al Ca Taract Cases produced in rats with clomiphene citrate.
Assesssment of genetic toxicity of the exposure of clomiphene citrate, with various bacterial test systems.
Update on the safety and efficacy of clomiphene citrate as a therapeutic agent.
Predictive power of clomiphene citrate challenge test for failure of in vitro fertilization treatment.
Development, pharmacology and clinical experience with clomiphene citrate.
Preovulatory administration of clomiphene citrate to mice causes fetal growth retardation and neural tube defects (exencephaly) by an indirects maternal effect.
Effect of clomiphene citrate on prolactin and gonadotropin release during GnRH- analog treatment.
Mineral Products: Calcium citrate, calcium gluconate, calcium lactate gluconate, potassium citrate, potassium gluconate
Mineral Products: Calcium ascorbate, calcium aspartate, calcium citrate, calcium citrate malate, calcium malate, copper lysinate, magnesium ascorbate, magnesium aspartate, magnesium citrate, magnesium fumarate, magnesium malate, magnesium potassium aspartate, molybdenum methionate, potassium aspartate, potassium citrate, selenium Select[R] (L-selenomethionine), vanadium (bis glycinato oxo vanadium), vanadium citrate, zinc ascorbate, zinc aspartate, zinc citrate, zinc magnesium aspartate, zinc monomethionine, zinc picolinate