spasmodic dysphonia

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spasmodic dysphonia

a spasmodic contradiction of the intrinsic muscles of the larynx excited by attempted phonation, producing either adductor or abductor subtypes caused by a central nervous system disorder. A localized form of movement disorder.

spasmodic dysphonia

Etymology: Gk, spasmodes, spasms, dys, bad, phone, voice
a speech disorder in which phonation is intermittently blocked by larynx spasms. The cause can be organic. Also called spastic dysphonia.

spasmodic dysphonia

Laryngeal dystonia, spastic dysphonia Neurology A voice disorder characterized by spasmodic contraction of laryngeal muscles, which chokes off words as uttered, resulting in strained and strangled speech with breaks in rhythm; SD may be accompanied by other dystonias–eg,
blepharospasm, oromandibular dystonia, torticollis, writers' cramp Management Sectioning of recurrent laryngeal nerve may be complicated by late failure; botulinum toxin injection into laryngeal muscles may be preferred

spas·mod·ic dys·pho·ni·a

(spaz-mod'ik dis-fō'nē-ă)
A spasmodic contraction of the intrinsic muscles of the larynx excited by attempted phonation, producing either adductor or abductor subtypes caused by a central nervous system disorder. A localized form of movement disorder.
Synonym(s): spastic dysphonia.
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