Chondrodendron

Chondrodendron

plant genus in the family Menispermaceae from which curare is extracted.
References in periodicals archive ?
Las enredaderas y las lianas son cuantiosas, especialmente miembros de la Sapindaceae, Bignoniaceae, Malpighiaceae, Menispermaceae de los generos Chondrodendron, Abuta, Anomospermum, Curarea, Orthomene y Telitoxicum; y Loganiaceae del genero Strychnos.
Nombre comun Especie Familia Achiote Bixa orellana Bixaceae Huancahuisacha Aristolochia pilosa Aristolochiaceae Yuquilla Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbiaceae Pinon blanco Jathropha curcas Euphorbiaceae Floripondio Brugmansia x candida Solanaceae Retama comun Cassia fistula Fabaceae Oreja de tigre Tradescantia zebrina Commelinaceae Ucullucuysacha Heliotropium indicum Boraginaceae Curare Chondrodendron tomentosum Menispermaceae Sacha yoco Paullinia clavigera Sapindaceae Nombre comun Estructuras de uso Estado fenologico Achiote Semillas Fructificacion Huancahuisacha Hojas y tallos D.
Sandwith (root; stem), Chondrodendron tomentosum R.
curare, muscle relaxant (notably used in surgery) from Chondrodendron sp.
Familiar examples of plant-derived drugs include the potent analgesics morphine and codeine, from the poppy (Papaver somniferum); the antimalarial drug quinine, from Cinchona pubescens; the powerful muscle relax ant tubocurarine, from Chondrodendron tomentosum; digitoxin, a cardiotonic from the foxglove plant (Digitalis purpurea); and ephedra, a component of many over-the-counter antihistamines, from Ephedra sinica.