chlorination

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chlorination

 [klor″ĭ-na´shun]
the addition of chlorine to water or sewage to kill germs. Liquid chlorine has been found to be the most effective water disinfectant, and is almost invariably used in the United States for the purification of both public water supplies and swimming pools.

chlorination

Etymology: Gk, chloros, green
the disinfection or treatment of water or other substances with free chlorine.

chlorination

The addition of various chlorinated compounds to water as a disinfectant for drinking and recreational water. While liquid chlorine (Cl2) is the most commonly used disinfectant due to its ease of transportation, it is being replaced by sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution, as Cl2 is highly toxic.

chlorination

Public health Addition of chlorinated compounds to drinking water as disinfectants. Cf Ozonation.

chlor·in·at·ion

(klōr'i-nā'shŭn)
Treatment with chlorine or a chlorine compound.

Patient discussion about chlorination

Q. Are throat nodulars caused by second hand smoke, allergy drip, and reflux. Also can chlorine and rust in water

A. Throat nodules, or also known as - vocal cord nodules, are usually caused by maximum contact between the two vocal cords. The cause of these formations are usually strenuous or abusive voice practices such as yelling and coughing. Persons who are often susceptible are those who use their voice constantly in a loud environment. Examples include teachers, cheerleaders, politicians, actors, musicians and singers. I am not sure I understand the question about chlorine and rust in water, I don't think these factors have a connection to vocal cord nodules. Other throat nodules can be cause by smoking (not as much in second hand smoke), alcohol or chewed tobbacco use.

More discussions about chlorination
References in periodicals archive ?
coli, Salmonella, and Listeria and washed them for 5 minutes in either his treatment, hydrogen peroxide, or chlorinated water.
The mutagenic activity for both extracts of chlorinated water for both strains (TA98 and TA100) was reproducible with a relatively low standard deviation (10.
stephensi in rainwater containers, expressed as the average number of larvae per dip per positive container, varied from 2 to 9, while in chlorinated water containers the variation with regard to the larval density was from 1 to 3.
All other tests, he said, including those for vegetative matter and trihalomethane, a byproduct of chlorinated water, were within state and federal standards.
For all congenital anomalies combined, a statistically significant excess risk was found for high versus low exposure to chlorinated water or to TTHM, but the analysis was based on a small number of studies.
In epidemiologic research, chlorinated water has been associated with a "higher total risk of combined cancers" and specifically with an increased risk of gastrointestinal cancer, rectal cancer, bladder cancer, and melanoma in humans.
Next, Aveda Sun Care Hair and Body Cleanser ($20) is a gentle all-in-one shampoo/body wash that removes the discoloration that can be caused by chlorinated water.
In Mossai, Kass and Otash Camps, UNICEF/State Water Corporation water supplies are producing over 7 million litres per week of chlorinated water to affected IDP communities.
How is it that one small gulp of chlorinated water could change the entire course of modern athletic history?
Right now, ready-to-eat products, such as spinach and lettuce, are rinsed with chlorinated water to kill any bacteria on their surface.
The QualityLowInputFood project is for instance developing an ecological alternative to washing fresh vegetables in chlorinated water, using ozonised water to clean lettuce, and possibly courgettes and tomatoes.
Sainsbury has announced plans to wash and rinse all its bagged salads in natural spring water instead of chlorinated water.