chloride

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chloride

 [klor´īd]
a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd),
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chloride

/chlo·ride/ (klor´īd) a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine in which the latter is the negative element.

chloride

[klôr′īd]
Etymology: Gk, chloros, green
an anion of chlorine. Metal chlorides are salts of hydrochloric acid; the most common is sodium chloride (table salt).

chloride

Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, (e.g., salts of hydrochloric acid).

chloride

1. a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.
2. the principal anion in extracellular fluid and gastric juice.
Because of its domination of the anions in extracellular and intravascular fluid, it has profound importance for acid-base balance and for the regulation of osmotic pressure in these fluid compartments.

chloride pump
an active secretory process at a barrier membrane that facilitates the transfer of chloride ions across the membrane.
chloride shift
diffusion of chloride ions from the plasma into the erythrocytes to compensate for the loss of bicarbonate ions from the cells as a result of carbon dioxide metabolism. Called also Hamburger shift.
References in periodicals archive ?
The major factors influencing the diffusion of chloride ions in concrete include W/B (water-binder ratio), the temperature of the surrounding environment, exposure condition, curing temperature, cement type, and the use of mineral admixtures such as fly ash (FA), ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS), and silica fume (SF).
These ions are then used in the same way that sodium and chloride ions are used in the river-seawater process," he says.
Refinement of pore structure ChRHA's concretes was observed on the results by a lower water absorption and a lower permeability to the chloride ion.
The concrete itself are prone to sulphate ions while chloride ions attack the steel reinforcement causing pitting corrosion.
This indicates the presence of high concentrations of chloride ions within the anal plate tissues.
Analytical methods: Soil pH was measured on saturated soil paste, the electrical conductivity (EC) was measured on saturation extracts, the percentage of gypsum was obtained by precipitation with acetone method, chloride ions were measured by titration method with silver nitrate (Richards 1954).
The EDS analysis did not detect chloride ions al the surface of zinc either on the blistered area or on the nonblistered area (Fig.
The contracts include studies on effects of overlapping of the hydrogen sulfide and chloride ions on steel stress, as well as deep hydro-treating to remove sulfur from gas oil for producing sulfur-free diesel fuel.
the urea will additive even synergically stimulate corrosion process of aluminium alloys in solutions inclusive chloride ions at elevated temperatures,
The amount of sodium is typically calculated by assuming a 1:1 molar ratio of chloride ions to sodium ions in the food.