chloride

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chloride

 [klor´īd]
a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd),
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chloride

/chlo·ride/ (klor´īd) a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine in which the latter is the negative element.

chloride

[klôr′īd]
Etymology: Gk, chloros, green
an anion of chlorine. Metal chlorides are salts of hydrochloric acid; the most common is sodium chloride (table salt).

chloride

Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, (e.g., salts of hydrochloric acid).

chloride

1. a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.
2. the principal anion in extracellular fluid and gastric juice.
Because of its domination of the anions in extracellular and intravascular fluid, it has profound importance for acid-base balance and for the regulation of osmotic pressure in these fluid compartments.

chloride pump
an active secretory process at a barrier membrane that facilitates the transfer of chloride ions across the membrane.
chloride shift
diffusion of chloride ions from the plasma into the erythrocytes to compensate for the loss of bicarbonate ions from the cells as a result of carbon dioxide metabolism. Called also Hamburger shift.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chloride Ion in Groundwater near Disposal of Solid Wastes in Landfills, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 8(4): 204-213.
Results on Rapid chloride ion permeability at the age of 28 and 90 days with various percentage of RHA with and without SP are given in Table 11 & 12.
Unfortunately, in view of the sea spray-contaminated precipitation on the Muir Snow-field neither man nor other animals are the sole sources of chloride ion.
The high chloride ion content in the produced formation water, in combination with produced solids settling on the bottom of the pipeline in low lying locations, weakened or chemically damaged the protective iron sulphide scales and corrosion inhibitor film.
0 mg/kg), a compound believed to act in the same fashion as picrotoxin at the chloride ion channel associated with the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor complex.
At the recommended dose of one 125 mg delayed-release tablet taken orally, twice daily, Fulyzaq[TM] works to inhibit both the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-stimulated cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride ion (C1-) channel, and the calcium-activated C1- channels (CaCC).
25 /PRNewswire/ -- For the first time, preclinical data demonstrate that a new drug, CPX, is the only cystic fibrosis (CF) drug in clinical development that can correct the two fundamental problems caused by the most common genetic defect in CF patients -- abnormal trafficking and impaired chloride ion transport.
GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter and the binding of GABA to its receptors in the central nervous system can lead to an influx of chloride ion to the neurons and hyper polarization of pre- and postsynaptic membranes.
The following tests serve as a means of indirectly assessing the permeability of concrete mixes: the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials' (AASHTO) Standard Metbod of Test for Rapid Determination of the Chloride Permeability of Concrete, AASHTO T277, and the American Society for Testing and Materials' (ASTM) Standard lest Method for Electrical Indication of Concrete's Ability to Resist Chloride Ion Penetration, ASTM CI202.
Crofelemer is believed to improve HIV associated diarrhea via dual mechanisms of action with inhibition of both CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Protein) and CaCC (calcium-activated chloride channel) resulting in reduced chloride ion secretion into the GI lumen.
The chloride ion ingress is the primary cause for rebar corrosion.
An apparatus for determining the permeability of paint films towards chloride ion is described.