chloride

(redirected from Chloride ion)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

chloride

 [klor´īd]
a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd),
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chloride

/chlo·ride/ (klor´īd) a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine in which the latter is the negative element.

chloride

[klôr′īd]
Etymology: Gk, chloros, green
an anion of chlorine. Metal chlorides are salts of hydrochloric acid; the most common is sodium chloride (table salt).

chloride

Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, (e.g., salts of hydrochloric acid).

chloride

1. a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.
2. the principal anion in extracellular fluid and gastric juice.
Because of its domination of the anions in extracellular and intravascular fluid, it has profound importance for acid-base balance and for the regulation of osmotic pressure in these fluid compartments.

chloride pump
an active secretory process at a barrier membrane that facilitates the transfer of chloride ions across the membrane.
chloride shift
diffusion of chloride ions from the plasma into the erythrocytes to compensate for the loss of bicarbonate ions from the cells as a result of carbon dioxide metabolism. Called also Hamburger shift.
References in periodicals archive ?
The concrete itself are prone to sulphate ions while chloride ions attack the steel reinforcement causing pitting corrosion.
2002 characteristics near two waste sites in Ibadan and Logos, Nigeria 10 Chloride ion in groundwater near Kazumasa Mizumura 2003 disposal of solid wastes in landfills 11 Persistence of vinyl chloride in Alan M.
It was observed that most of chloride ion permeability values fall in the range of very low (100-1000 coulombs) category.
The scientists say that they have now identified two forms of activated carbon that do not destroy the gold chloride ion and can be stripped without destroying the carbon.
If they are available, somem important additional input factors, such as chloride ion can be entered by the user or, if unavailable, will be estimated by the program.
Early records showed the chloride ion levels to be in the few hundred parts per million range.
Attached to each one of the active sites is a chloride ion, but as the nitrate ion comes through, it has such a strong affinity to the site that it bumps the chloride off and attaches itself, said McMullen.
These results indicate that the GABA-induced responses of the photoreceptors were mediated primarily by chloride ion.
The idea was that a substance such as sodium chloride existed in solid form as a molecule, symbolized as NaCl, but on solution split up into the positively charged sodium ion (Na+) and the negatively charged chloride ion (Cl-).
FULYZAQ[TM] is believed to improve HIV associated diarrhea via dual mechanisms of action with inhibition of both CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Protein) and CaCC (calcium-activated chloride channel) resulting in reduced chloride ion secretion into the GI lumen," said Bill Forbes, Pharm.
Likewise, to alert the risk of chloride-induced corrosion of steel in concrete, chloride threshold level can be defined as the chloride ion concentration at the depth of the steel which induce a breakdown of passive film and induce corrosion initiation.