Chlor-Trimeton


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Related to Chlor-Trimeton: chlorpheniramine maleate, Piriton

Chlor-Trimeton

 [klor-tri´mĕ-ton]
trademark for preparations of chlorpheniramine maleate, an antihistamine.

chlorpheniramine maleate

Ahist, Allercalm (UK), Allerief (UK), Calimol (UK), Chlorphen, Chlor-Trimeton, Chlor-Trimeton Allergy 4 Hour, Chlor-Trimeton Allergy 8 Hour, Chlor-Trimeton Allergy 12 Hour, Chlor-Tripolon (CA), Diabetic Tussin Allergy Relief, Novo-Pheniram (CA), Piriton (UK), Teldrin HBP

Pharmacologic class: Propylamine (nonselective)

Therapeutic class: Antihistamine; allergy, cold, and cough remedy

Pregnancy risk category B

Action

Antagonizes effects of histamine at histamine2-receptor sites, preventing histamine-mediated responses

Availability

Capsules (sustained-release): 8 mg, 12 mg

Syrup: 1 mg/5 ml, 2 mg/5 ml, 2.5 mg/5 ml

Tablets: 4 mg, 8 mg, 12 mg

Tablets (chewable): 2 mg

Tablets (timed-release): 8 mg, 12 mg

Indications and dosages

Allergy symptoms; management of anaphylaxis and transfusion reactions

Adults: 4 mg q 4 to 6 hours P.O. or 8 to 12 mg P.O. of sustained-release form q 8 to 12 hours. Maximum dosage is 24 mg/day.

Children ages 6 to 12: 2 mg P.O. q 4 to 6 hours daily. Maximum dosage is 12 mg/day.

Dosage adjustment

• Glaucoma
• Gastric ulcer
• Hyperthyroidism
• Heart disease

Contraindications

• Hypersensitivity to drug
• Acute asthma attacks
• Stenosing peptic ulcer
• Breastfeeding

Precautions

Use cautiously in:
• hepatic or renal disease, asthma, angle-closure glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy
• elderly patients
• pregnant patients (safety not established).

Administration

• Don't crush or break timed-release tablets or sustained-release capsules.
• Discontinue drug 4 days before allergy skin tests. (Drug may cause false-negative reactions.)

Adverse reactions

CNS: dizziness, drowsiness, excitation (in children), sedation, poor coordination, fatigue, confusion, restlessness, nervousness, tremor, headache, hysteria, tingling sensation, sensation of heaviness and weakness in hands

CV: palpitations, hypotension, bradycardia, tachycardia, extrasystoles, arrhythmias

EENT: blurred vision, diplopia, vertigo, tinnitus, acute labyrinthitis, nasal congestion, dry nose, dry throat, sore throat

GI: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, epigastric distress, anorexia, dry mouth, GI obstruction

GU: urinary retention, urinary hesitancy, dysuria, early menses, decreased libido, erectile dysfunction

Hematologic: hemolytic anemia, hypoplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, agranulocytosis

Respiratory: thickened bronchial secretions, chest tightness, wheezing

Skin: urticaria, rash, photosensitivity, diaphoresis

Other: chills, increased appetite, weight gain, anaphylactic shock

Interactions

Drug-drug.Anticholinergics, anti-cholinergic-like drugs (such as some antidepressants, atropine, haloperidol, phenothiazines, quinidine, disopyramide): additive anticholinergic effects

CNS depressants (such as opioids, sedative-hypnotics): additive CNS depression

MAO inhibitors: intensified, prolonged anticholinergic effects

Drug-diagnostic tests.Allergy skin tests: false-negative reactions

Drug-behaviors.Alcohol use: additive CNS depression

Sun exposure: photosensitivity

Patient monitoring

• Assess for urinary retention and frequency.
• Monitor respiratory status throughout therapy.

Patient teaching

• Advise patient to take with full glass of water.
• Tell patient not to crush timed-release tablets or sustained-release capsules. Instruct him to swallow them whole.
• Caution patient to avoid driving and other hazardous activities until he knows how drug affects concentration and alertness.
• Advise parents to give dose to children in evening, because morning doses may cause inattention in school.
• As appropriate, review all other significant and life-threatening adverse reactions and interactions, especially those related to the drugs, tests, and behaviors mentioned above.

Chlor-Trimeton

(klôr-trĭm′ə-tŏn′)
A trademark for the drug chlorpheniramine maleate.

Chlor-Trimeton

a trademark for an antihistamine (chlorpheniramine maleate).
References in periodicals archive ?
Work quickly but (diphenhydramine), and over- may have side effects including Chlor-Trimeton, the-counter drowsiness.
O'Donnell said prescription or over-the-counter antihistamines, including Claritin and Chlor-Trimeton or Contac, can protect the allergy sufferer.
Antihistamines (Combination, cold/hay fever products with decongestants) -- Chlor-trimeton (Ornade, Isochlor), Dimetane (Dimetapp), Benadryl, Tavist, Ambodryl, Clistin, Decapryn, Polaramine, Forhistal, Actidil (Actifed), PBZ, Histadyl, Tacaryl, Phenergan, Temaril, Atarax/Vistaril, Optimine, Periactin, Seldane, Hismanal