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The bats, an order of placental mammals of worldwide distribution, characterized by a modification of the forelimbs that enables them to fly. They are capable of emitting ultrasonic sounds that enable them to echolocate, find flying insect prey, and avoid objects in the dark. Though mostly insectivorous, some species feed on nectar, fruit, fish, and blood; the blood-feeding and insectivorous species are important reservoir hosts of rabies.
[chiro- + G. pteron, wing]




the order of mammals that comprises the bats, the wings of which are formed from a membrane of skin, the patagium, stretched from the front to hind limbs and over the fingers (but not the thumb) of the forewing.


the order which comprises all of the 178 genera in 16 families of bats. Characterized by their ability to fly with the aid of an alar membrane which is attached to all four limbs and tail. They are fast fliers with a special sensory system to enable them to fly at their preferred time, dusk.
There are three groups, insectivorous e.g. Macrotus spp., fruit-eating e.g. Pteropus (called also flying foxes), and blood-drinking or vampire bats e.g. Desmodus, better known by their association with Nosferatu than as carriers of the rabies virus. (Much of the mythology of vampirism can be explained within the parameters of rabies epidemiology). Both fruit-eating and vampire bats are known to be involved in the spread of rabies and similar bat rabies viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
The absence of the caecum and of the appendix is considered characteristic of the gastrointestinal tract of chiropterans (Tedman & Hall), another feature being the absence of the ascending and transverse colons, the large intestine as a result being restricted to a descending short colon (Forman et al.
The new Texas specimens, which include rodent teeth, insectivore or chiropteran tooth fragments and fish teeth, are the first record of cricetid (Copemys) and heteromyid rodents from the Cold Spring Local Fauna.
Eco-status and demographic changes among chiropterans of the Thar Desert with special reference to Jodhpur.
The chiropterans are easily found in forests and present wide diversity regarding ecological aspects, as selection of diet, shelter and habitat and they have been considered as important environmental indicators of altered areas (Fenton et al.
The input from 84 contributors to this revised text (as compared to 35 in the original) and the addition of co-editor Stuart Parsons makes Kunz's text an impressive collection of contemporary knowledge about chiropterans.
Kartono 2003 Diversity, relative abundance, and conservation of chiropterans in Kayan Mentarang National Park, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
There are 12 species of insectivores; 34 species of chiropterans (bats); 17 species of primates; 3 species of pholidotes (pangolins); 34 species of tubulidentates (aardvarks), proboscideans (elephants) and hydrochoerids; and 12 species of artiodactyls (ungulates such as camel or pig); including 2 species of rodent and 3 species of insectivore that were first described in the 1960s.
Remains of eight orders of land mammals, including insectivores, chiropterans, a lagomorph, a large carnivore, rodents, horses, a prosynthetocerine, and a gomphothere, have been recovered.
New records of chiropterans for the province of Corrientes, Argentina.
cruzi was isolated by direct blood examination from seven 21% chiropterans and five 38% rodents and T.