coroner(redirected from Chief medical examiner)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
an official of a local community who holds inquests concerning sudden, violent, or unexplained deaths.
An official whose duty it is to investigate sudden, suspicious, or violent death to determine its cause; in some communities, the office has been replaced by that of a medical examiner.
[L. corona, a crown]
coroner/cor·o·ner/ (kor´on-er) an officer who holds inquests in regard to violent, sudden, or unexplained deaths.
A public officer whose primary function is to investigate any death thought to be of other than natural causes.
Etymology: L, corona, crown
a public official who investigates the causes and circumstances of deaths that occur within a specific legal jurisdiction or territory, especially those that may have resulted from unnatural causes. Also called medical examiner.
An independent judicial officer who acts on behalf of the Crown to investigate the cause and circumstances of violent or unnatural, sudden or unexplained deaths. Coroners must be legally and/or medically qualified; most are now drawn from the legal profession. They are independent of both local and central government and required to act in accordance with established rules and procedures. Coroners generally have a team of support personnel.
An elected or appointed public official whose chief responsibility is to investigate and provide official interpretation regarding the manner and possible cause(s) of unexplained deaths. Coroners often have law enforcement or funeral home backgrounds, but they may also be medical doctors who have run for the office of coroner. Coroners may hold public inquests to determine the cause and manner of death; they may have a doctor examine the body and report their findings at the inquest. Usually coroners have some law enforcement or legal powers, such as subpoena powers, but this varies depending on the laws in their jurisdiction. Coroners may be required, according to the jurisdiction, to interpret (i.e., “determine”) the cause of death if it was natural but the decedent’s recent medical history is unknown. US coroners investigate deaths that occur suddenly, violently, without explanation or natural cause, when the stated causes conflict with the findings at the scene of death or at post-mortem examination, due or potentially due to foul play, related to intoxication or drug overdose, and regardless of whether it was self inflicted.
coronerForensic medicine An elected–less commonly appointed–public official whose chief responsibility is to investigate and provide official interpretation regarding the manner and possible cause(s) of unexplained deaths; in contrast to a medical examiner, coroners are usually not required to be medical doctors, although the requirements depend on the laws governing the jurisdiction. See Forensic pathology. Cf Medical examiner.
An official whose duty is to investigate sudden, suspicious, or violent death to determine its cause. In some communities, the office has been replaced by that of medical examiner.
[L. corona, a crown]