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Related to chemotherapeutic agent: chemotherapy
any chemical used to treat cancer. It is usually used to refer to antineoplastic drugs.
chemotherapeutic agentAn agent used to treat cancer administered in regimens of one or more cycles, combining two or more agents over a period of days to weeks. Such agents are toxic to cells with high proliferative rates—e.g., to the cancer itself, but also to the GI tract (causing nausea and vomiting), bone marrow (causing various cytopenias) and hair (resulting in baldness).
Busulphan, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, MTX, daunorubicin, doxorubicin, melphalan, vincristine, vinblastine, chlorambucil.
chemotherapeutic agentAn agent used to treat CA, administered in 'regimens'-one or more 'cycles' that combine 3 or more agents over wks; CAs are toxic to any cell with a high rate of proliferation–the CA itself, the GI tract–causing N&V, BM–cytopenias, and hair—alopecia Examples Busulphan, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, MTX, daunorubicin, doxorubicin, melphalan, vincristine, vinblastine, chlorambucil. See Immunosuppressive agents.
che·mo·ther·a·peu·tic a·gent(kēmō-thār-ă-pyūtik ājĕnt)
Chemical that is used for therapeutic reasons.