Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease


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atrophy

 [at´ro-fe]
1. decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; see also wasting.
2. to undergo or cause such a decrease. adj., adj atroph´ic.
acute yellow atrophy massive hepatic necrosis.
circumscribed cerebral atrophy pick's disease.
disuse atrophy atrophy of a tissue or organ as a result of inactivity or diminished function.
gyrate atrophy of choroid and retina a rare hereditary, slowly progressive atrophy of the choroid and pigment epithelium of the retina; inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
juvenile spinal muscular atrophy Kugelberg-Welander syndrome.
Leber's optic atrophy Leber's optic neuropathy.
lobar atrophy pick's disease.
myelopathic muscular atrophy muscular atrophy due to lesion of the spinal cord, as in spinal muscular atrophy.
olivopontocerebellar atrophy any of a group of progressive hereditary disorders involving degeneration of the cerebellar cortex, middle peduncles, ventral pontine surface, and olivary nuclei. They occur in the young to middle-aged and are characterized by ataxia, dysarthria, and tremors similar to those of parkinsonism.
peroneal atrophy (peroneal muscular atrophy) progressive neuromuscular atrophy.
progressive neuromuscular atrophy hereditary muscular atrophy beginning in the muscles supplied by the fibular (peroneal) nerves, progressing slowly to involve the muscles of the hands and arms. Called also peroneal or peroneal muscular atrophy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
senile atrophy the natural atrophy of tissues and organs occurring with advancing age.
spinal muscular atrophy progressive degeneration of the motor cells of the spinal cord, beginning usually in the small muscles of the hands, but in some cases (scapulohumeral type) in the upper arm and shoulder muscles, and progressing slowly to the leg muscles. Called also Aran-Duchenne disease, Cruveilhier's disease, and Duchenne's disease.
subacute yellow atrophy submassive necrosis of the liver associated with broad zones of necrosis, due to viral, toxic, or drug-induced hepatitis; it may have an acute course with death from liver failure occurring after several weeks, or clinical recovery may be associated with regeneration of the parenchymal cells.

per·o·ne·al mus·cu·lar at·ro·phy

a generic title for at least three distinct hereditary neuromuscular disorders, all of which share the common features of pes cavis and marked wasting of the more distal portion of the limbs, particularly the peroneal muscle groups (resulting in the characteristic "stork legs"). Included in this designation are hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy, type I (formerly known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth, type I, or the hypertrophic type of peroneal muscular atrophy); hereditary and motor sensory neuropathy, type II (formerly known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth, type II, or the neuronal type of peroneal muscular atrophy); and distal hereditary motor neuronopathy (formerly known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth, type III, the spinal type of peroneal muscular atrophy, or distal spinal muscular atrophy).

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

(shär-kō′mə-rē′to͞oth′, -mä-)
n.
Any of several hereditary disorders that affect the peripheral nerves, characterized by progressive wasting of the distal muscles of the extremities and usually affecting the legs and feet before the arms and hands.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

[shärkō′mərē′to̅o̅th′]
Etymology: Jean M. Charcot; Pierre Marie, French neurologist, 1853-1940; Howard H. Tooth, English neurologist, 1856-1925
a progressive hereditary disorder characterized by degeneration of the peroneal muscles of the fibula, resulting in clubfoot, foot drop, and ataxia. Progressive arm weakness can also be present as distal muscles atrophy. Compare peripheral neuropathy.
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Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Hereditary peroneal nerve dysfunction Neurology A clinically heterogenous and most common–1:2500 of the inherited peripheral neuropathies Clinical Slowly progressive atrophy of distal muscles, especially those innervated by the peroneal nerve, leading to muscular weakness and atrophy of hands, feet, and legs with pes cavus deformity, claw-hand, stork-leg appearance, with foot drop and a slapping gait EMG ↓ nerve conduction velocity, due to destruction of nerves with degeneration of myelin sheath Management Nada

per·o·ne·al mus·cu·lar at·ro·phy

(per'ŏ-nē'ăl mŭs'kyū-lăr at'rŏ-fē)
A group of familial peripheral neuromuscular disorders, sharing the common feature of marked wasting of the distal parts of the limbs, particularly the peroneal muscle groups, resulting in "stork legs."
Synonym(s): Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

A hereditary nervous system disorder caused by three copies of a gene on chromosome 17. The disease features atrophy of the muscles of the lower legs, followed by atrophy of the small muscles of the hands. There is no effective treatment. (Jean-Martin Charcot, 1825–1893, French neurologist; Pierre Marie, 1853–1940, French neurologist; and Howard Henry Tooth, 1856–1926, English physician).

Charcot,

Jean Martin, French neurologist, 1825-1893.
Charcot arteries - any one of a variety of small cerebral arteries. Synonym(s): lenticulostriate arteries
Charcot arthritis
Charcot arthropathy
Charcot bath - for patients with arterial disorders.
Charcot change
Charcot disease - Synonym(s): Lou Gehrig disease
Charcot fever - Synonym(s): Charcot intermittent fever
Charcot gait - the gait of hereditary ataxia.
Charcot intermittent fever - fever, chills, right upper quadrant pain, and jaundice associated with intermittently obstructing common duct stones. Synonym(s): Charcot fever
Charcot joint - a neuropathic arthropathy that occurs with tabes dorsalis (tabetic neurosyphilis). Synonym(s): tabetic arthropathy
Charcot laryngeal vertigo - fainting as a result of a coughing spell, most often occurring in heavy-set male smokers with chronic bronchitis. Synonym(s): Charcot vertigo; tussive syncope
Charcot spine
Charcot syndrome - a condition caused by ischemia of the muscles. Synonym(s): intermittent claudication
Charcot triad - (1) in multiple (disseminated) sclerosis, the three symptoms: nystagmus, tremor, and scanning speech; - (2) combination of jaundice, fever, and upper abdominal pain that occurs as a result of cholangitis.
Charcot vertigo - Synonym(s): Charcot laryngeal vertigo
Charcot-Böttcher crystalloids - spindle-shaped crystalloids found in human Sertoli cells.
Charcot-Leyden crystals - crystals found in the sputum in bronchial asthma. Synonym(s): asthma crystals; Charcot-Neumann crystals; Charcot-Robin crystals; Leyden crystals
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease - a group of three familial peripheral neuromuscular disorders, sharing the common feature of marked wasting of the more distal extremities. Synonym(s): peroneal muscular atrophy; Tooth disease
Charcot-Neumann crystals - Synonym(s): Charcot-Leyden crystals
Charcot-Robin crystals - Synonym(s): Charcot-Leyden crystals
Charcot-Weiss-Baker syndrome - stimulation of a hyperactive carotid sinus, causing a marked fall in blood pressure. Synonym(s): carotid sinus syndrome
Charcot-Wilbrand syndrome - inability to recognize objects by sight, usually caused by bilateral parieto-occipital lesions.
Erb-Charcot disease - see under Erb

Marie,

Pierre, French neurologist, 1853-1940.
Bamberger-Marie disease - Synonym(s): Bamberger-Marie syndrome
Bamberger-Marie syndrome - see under Bamberger, Eugen
Brissaud-Marie syndrome - see under Brissaud
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease - see under Charcot
Debré-Marie syndrome - see under Debré
Foix-Cavany-Marie syndrome - see under Foix
Marie ataxia - obsolete term for a variety of non-Friedreich hereditary ataxias.
Marie-Leri syndrome - swelling of deformed joints.
Marie-Sainton syndrome - excessive head development. Synonym(s): cleidocranial dysplasia; cleidocranial dysostosis
Marie-Strümpell disease - Synonym(s): Strümpell-Marie disease
Marie I syndrome - Synonym(s): Menzel syndrome
Marie II syndrome - endocrine and neurologic disorders.
Nonne-Marie syndrome - Synonym(s): Menzel syndrome
Strümpell-Marie disease - see under Strümpell

Tooth,

Howard H., English physician, 1856-1925.
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease - see under Charcot
Tooth disease - Synonym(s): Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
References in periodicals archive ?
A rat model of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 1A recapitulates disease variability and supplies biomarkers of axonal loss in patients.
Clinically, serial casting is not always well tolerated by individuals with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN), also known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), is a heterogenous neuropathical group characterized by progressive muscular weakness and atrophy of the distal muscles, often associated with mild to moderate sensory loss, foot deformities including pes cavus and pes planus, gait disturbance, and depressed deep tendon reflexes (Lupski 1998).
Acceleron is developing ACE-083 for diseases such as facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in which improved muscle strength in target muscles may provide a clinical benefit.
Grandfather-of-five William, of North Shields, said: "I have the genetic condition Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease - a neurological condition that causes muscle wasting.
The mum of three is one of 23,000 people in the UK who have the crippling Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
New polymorphic short tandem repeats for PCR-based Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A duplication diagnosis.
X-linked CMT (CMTX) is the 2nd most common form of demyelinating CMT after Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A and accounts for 10%-15% of all CMT cases (2).
Late onset tiptoe walking--defined as tiptoeing which begins 4 or more months after a heel-toe gait has been established-usually indicates a neuromuscular problem such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, or a spinal cord anomaly, and requires evaluation by a pediatric neurologist, Dr.

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