Thirty CSF specimens examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for flaviviruses and 13 examined more specifically for West Nile virus also were negative, as were 23 evaluated for Chandipura virus
Recent experimental studies carried out by the author have shown that the mosquitoes are susceptible to Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), WNV (Eg101), Chandipura virus
(CHPV) and Chittoor (CHITV, Batai group) virus (Sudeep unpublished data).
Some vesiculoviruses, including Chandipura virus
and vesicular stomatitis virus, are also zoonotic and cause acute diseases in humans.
(CHPV) is a vesiculovirus in the Rhabdoviridae family.
There are more than twenty serotypes in this viral genus, but only four are important as human pathogens (2 strains of VSV, Chandipura virus
, and Piry virus).
dagger]) The following viruses were tested for herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1, HSV-2, varicella-zoster virus (HSV-3), Epsetin-Barr virus (human herpesvirus [HHV] type 4), cytomegalovirus (HHV-5), (HHV-6), HHV-7, HHV-8, dengue virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, rubella virus, West Nile virus, yellow fever virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus, Nipah virus, measles virus, mumps virus, parainfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, metapneumovirus, Chikungunya virus, Sindbis virus, Semliki Forest virus, eastern equine encephalitis virus, western equine encephalitis virus, poliovirus, Coxsackie virus, echovirus, enterovirus, lyssaviruses, and Chandipura virus
Growth and transovarial transmission of Chandipura virus
(Rhabdoviridae:Vesiculovirus) in Phlebotomus papatasi.
The Chandipura virus
was discovered in 1966 by Bhatt and Rodrigues, scientists of the Virus Research Centre (VRC) established by the Rockefeller Foundation in 1952 in Poona (now Pune) (1).
direct contact with litchis contaminated by bat saliva, urine, or guano (11) or with other vectors, such as insects found in litchi trees or phlebotomine sand flies, as in the case of Chandipura virus
(12), cannot be excluded.
(CHPV) belongs to family Rhabdoviridae, a hitherto unimportant virus from the standpoint of public health, has been implicated in outbreaks occurred in several districts of Andhra Pradesh (AP), Maharashtra and Gujarat during 20032004, killing more than 200 children (1,2).
Vertical and venereal transmission of Chandipura virus
(Rhabdoviridae) by Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
The other viruses covered were Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), Chandipura virus
, Kyasanur forest disease (KFD) virus, Alphaviruses and Jest Nile virus (WNV).