German chamomile

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Related to Chamomilla recutita: Matricaria recutita, Chamomile flower

chamomile

Ayurvedic medicine
Chamomile has been used for women’s complaints, indigestion and colicky children.

Herbal medicine
An annual herb, the flowers of which contain choline, coumarins (e.g., umbelliferone), cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (e.g., rutin), salicylate derivatives, tannins and volatile oils (e.g., bisabolol and chamazulene). Chamomile is administered as a tea, extract, tincture or ointment. German chamomile tea is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, carminative, expectorant and sedative; it has been used to treat acne, anxiety, asthma, bacterial and fungal infections, colicky infants, diarrhoea, flatulence, gout, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual cramping, pruritus, rheumatic disease and sciatica. In Russia, Roman chamomile is used for colds, gastric complaints, colitis, as a sedative gargle, and topically for eczema and inflammation.

Most herbalists use German chamomile and Roman chamomile interchangeably.
 
Homeopathy
See Chamomilla.
  
Pseudomedicine
An essence in the pseudoscience of flower therapy which is believed to balance emotions, calm nerves and brighten moods.

German chamomile

An annually flowering member of the aster family (Matricaria recutita). Teas made from the flower are used as a mild sedative, an astringent, a cosmetic hair rinse, an analgesic, and an antispasmodic in the treatment of colic, indegestion, and irritable bowel syndrome, . Oils extracted from the plant are used in alternative and complementary medicine to relieve itch. Some people are sensitive to the plant's oilsand may develop contact dermatitis after exposure. Synonym: wild chamomile
See also: chamomile
References in periodicals archive ?
The main biologically active compounds in the oils of Chamomilla recutita and C.
The current paper presents the content and the results of GC-FID and GC-MS analyses of the essential oils of inflorescences of Chamomilla recutita, Chamomilla suaveolens, Anthemis tinctoria, Matricaria perforata, and Leucanthemum vulgare growing in Estonia.
The sample of Chamomilla recutita was from a cultivated plant and it was collected in June 2007 in the experimental garden of the University of Tartu.
With this background, (-)[alpha]-bisabolol, the main constituent of Chamomilla recutita essential oil ([approximately equal to]70%), was tested against promastigotes of Leishmania infantum, (Pino et al.
INCI: Chamomilla recutita (matricaria) flower extract
10 (Glycerin [and] butylene glycol [and] water [and] chamomilla recutita [Matricarial extract) Crodarom Phytexcell sea buckthorn 0.