2014), which found both fumarprotocetraric and protocetraric acid to be present in Cetraria islandica.
2009), we evaluated the cytotoxic effects of Cetraria islandica and Vulpicida canadensis on two human cancer cell lines (HepG2 and MCF-7).
For the first time, the neuroprotective activities of methanol extracts of Cetraria islandica and Vulpicida canadensis have been investigated, with respect to their antioxidant actions, in a model of OS in nervous system-like cells (astrocyte model); such a model was chosen due to the increasingly acknowledged importance of glial cells in physiological and pathological diseases (Colangelo et al.
All biological activities of Cetraria islandica demonstrated in this work can be attributed to the fumarprotocetraric acid, the predominant metabolite in the extract (more than 90%).
Ingolfsdottir K, Jurcic K, Wagner H (1998) Immunomodulating polysaccharides from aquous extracts of Cetraria islandica (Iceland moss).
Olafsdottir ES, Ingolfsdottir K, Barsett H, Paulsen BS, Jurcic K, Wagner H (1999a) Immunologically active (1[right arrow]3)(1[right arrow]4)-[beta]-D-glucan from Cetraria islandica.