central venous catheter

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catheter

 [kath´ĕ-ter]
a tubular, flexible instrument, passed through body channels for withdrawal of fluids from (or introduction of fluids into) a body cavity.
 Straight catheters. May have one or two eyes, a round tip, or a “whistle” tip. These catheters are not self-retaining.
acorn-tipped catheter one used in ureteropyelography to occlude the ureteral orifice and prevent backflow from the ureter during and following the injection of an opaque medium.
Amplatz coronary catheter a J-shaped angiographic catheter used as an alternative to a Judkins coronary catheter in coronary arteriography.
angiographic catheter one through which a contrast medium is injected for visualization of the vascular system of an organ. Such catheters may have preformed ends to facilitate selective locating (as in a renal or coronary vessel) from a remote entry site. They may be named according to the site of entry and destination, such as femoral-renal and brachial-coronary.
arterial catheter one inserted into an artery, used as part of a catheter-transducer-monitor system to continuously observe the blood pressure of critically ill patients. An arterial catheter also may be inserted for x-ray studies of the arterial system and for delivery of chemotherapeutic agents directly into the arterial supply of malignant tumors.
atherectomy catheter a catheter containing a rotating cutter and a collecting chamber for debris, used for atherectomy and endarterectomy; it is inserted percutaneously under radiographic guidance.
balloon catheter (balloon-tip catheter) a catheter with a balloon at the tip that may be inflated or deflated while the catheter is in place to create, enlarge, or occlude a passageway; see also balloon angioplasty. The pressure-sensitive balloon may be used to facilitate hemodynamic monitoring.
Braasch bulb catheter a bulb-tipped ureteral catheter used for dilation and determination of the inner diameter of the ureter.
Brockenbrough transseptal catheter a specialized cardiac catheter with a curved steel inner needle that can puncture the interatrial septum; used to catheterize the left ventricle when the aortic valve cannot be crossed in a retrograde approach.
Broviac catheter a central venous catheter similar to the Hickman catheter but with a smaller lumen.
cardiac catheter a long, fine catheter especially designed for passage into the chambers of the heart, usually through a peripheral blood vessel under fluoroscopic control. See also cardiac catheterization.
Castillo catheter a cardiac catheter similar to an Amplatz coronary catheter in shape and use, but shorter and introduced via the brachial artery.
central venous catheter a long, fine catheter inserted via a large vein into the superior vena cava or right atrium to administer parenteral fluids (as in parenteral nutrition), antibiotics, or other therapeutic agents; it can also be used for measurement of central venous pressure and for temporary hemodialysis. See also central venous catheterization.
condom catheter an external urinary collection device that fits over the penis like a condom; used in the management of urinary incontinence.
conical catheter a ureteral catheter that has a cone-shaped tip designed to dilate the lumen.
Cournand catheter a cardiac catheter with a single end hole; used for pressure measurement, usually in the right heart.
DeLee catheter a catheter used to suction meconium and amniotic debris from the nasopharynx and oropharynx of neonates.
de Pezzer catheter a self-retaining urethral catheter with a bulbous end.
directional atherectomy catheter a type of atherectomy catheter whose direction can be shifted to shave off additional plaque.
double-channel catheter (double-lumen catheter) (dual-lumen catheter) a catheter with two channels, one for injection and the other for removal of fluids; called also two-way catheter.
elbowed catheter a catheter bent at an angle near the beak, used in cases of enlarged prostate. Called also prostatic catheter.
electrode catheter a cardiac catheter containing one or more electrodes; it may be used to pace the heart or to deliver high-energy shocks.
end-hole catheter a cardiac catheter with a hole in the tip, through which a guidewire may be passed or pressure monitored.
eustachian catheter one for inflating the eustachian tube.
female catheter a short urethral catheter for passage through the female urethra.
femoral catheter a central venous catheter inserted through the femoral vein.
fluid-filled catheter an intravascular catheter connected by a saline-filled tube to an external pressure transducer; used to measure intravascular pressure.
Fogarty catheter a type of balloon-tip catheter used to remove thrombi and emboli from blood vessels.
Foley catheter an indwelling catheter retained in the bladder by a balloon inflated with air or liquid; see illustration.
 Three-way Foley catheter. Three separate lumens are incorporated within the round shaft of the catheter for drainage of urine, inflation, and introduction of irrigating solutions into the bladder.
Gensini coronary catheter a catheter used for coronary arteriography, having an end-hole to accommodate a guidewire or monitor pressure as well as side holes for rapid injection of large volumes of contrast material.
Groshong catheter a single or double lumen cardiac catheter inserted into the right atrium with an external port. Unlike the Hickman and Broviac catheters, this type has a valve at the distal end, eliminating the need for clamping and preventing blood from entering it when not in use.
Gruentzig balloon catheter a flexible balloon catheter with a short guidewire fixed to the tip, used for dilation of arterial stenoses; the balloon is made of low-compliance plastic to reduce the risk of arterial rupture.
hemodialysis catheter a catheter used on a temporary basis for vascular access for hemodialysis; usually some type of central venous catheter.
Hickman catheter a type of central venous catheter used for long term administration of substances via the venous system, such as antibiotics, total parenteral nutrition, or chemotherapeutic agents; it can be used for continuous or intermittent administration and may have either a single or a double lumen.
indwelling catheter a urethral catheter designed to be held in place to drain urine from the bladder.
internal jugular catheter a central venous catheter inserted through the internal jugular vein.
Judkins coronary catheter a preformed J-shaped angiographic catheter used in coronary arteriography to cannulate and deliver contrast material to one of the coronary arteries via a percutaneous femoral route.
left coronary catheter one designed for coronary arteriography of the left coronary artery.
Malecot catheter
1. a two- or four-winged female catheter.
2. a tube with an expanded tip that is used for gastrostomy feedings.
manometer-tipped catheter one with a small pressure transducer on its tip; used in measuring intravascular or intracardiac pressure.
multipurpose catheter
1. a catheter with several functions or applications.
2. a catheter for coronary angiography that is shaped so that it can be used in either coronary artery.
nasal catheter one made of flexible rubber or plastic with several holes near the end; used for the administration of oxygen. Called also oropharyngeal catheter.
NIH catheter one used for coronary arteriography; it has a closed end and several side holes for rapid injection of large volumes of contrast material.
olive-tip catheter a ureteral catheter with an olive-shaped end, used to dilate a constricted ureteral orifice; larger sizes are also used for dilating or calibrating the diameter of urethral strictures.
oropharyngeal catheter nasal catheter.
pacing catheter a cardiac catheter containing one or more electrodes on pacing wires; used as a temporary cardiac pacing lead.
Pezzer's catheter de Pezzer catheter.
pigtail catheter an angiographic catheter ending in a tightly curled tip that resembles the tail of a pig.
preformed catheter a preshaped catheter designed to require less operator manipulation but usually restricted to a single function.
prostatic catheter elbowed catheter.
right coronary catheter one designed for coronary arteriography of the right coronary artery.
Robinson catheter a straight urethral catheter with two to six openings to allow drainage, especially useful in the presence of blood clots which may occlude one or more openings.
self-retaining catheter a urethral catheter constructed to be retained in the bladder and urethra; see Foley catheter and indwelling catheter.
snare catheter one designed to remove intracardiac catheter fragments or pacing leads introduced iatrogenically.
Sones coronary catheter a woven Dacron or polyurethane catheter used in coronary arteriography to cannulate and deliver contrast material to the coronary arteries via the brachial artery.
subclavian catheter a central venous catheter inserted through the subclavian vein.
Swan-Ganz catheter see swan-ganz catheter.
Tenckhoff catheter a cuffed silicone catheter that is permanently inserted into the abdominal cavity for infusion of dialyzing solution in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis.
Texas catheter trademark for a commercially made condom catheter.
thermodilution catheter a catheter used in thermodilution for introduction of the cold liquid indicator into the cardiovascular system.
toposcopic catheter a miniature catheter that can pass through narrow, tortuous vessels to convey chemotherapy directly to brain tumors.
tracheal catheter one with small holes at the end, especially designed for removal of secretions during tracheal suctioning.
transhepatic biliary catheter biliary c.
transluminal endarterectomy catheter a type of atherectomy catheter with a conical cutting window, inserted through the lumen of the vessel; debris is collected in a special vacuum bottle.
transtracheal catheter a catheter inserted into the trachea through a tracheostomy for patients who cannot tolerate an oral or nasal cannula.
two-way catheter double-lumen catheter.
ureteral catheter a long, small gauge catheter designed for insertion directly into a ureter, either through the urethra and bladder or posteriorly via the kidney.
urethral catheter any of various types of catheters designed for insertion via the urethra into the urinary bladder. See also catheterization.
whistle-tip catheter a urethral catheter with a terminal opening as well as a lateral one.
winged catheter a urethral catheter that has winglike projections on the end to retain it in the bladder.

cen·tral ve·nous cath·e·ter

a catheter passed through a peripheral or central vein, ending in the superior vena cava or right atrium, for measurement of central venous pressure or for infusion of hyperosmolar solutions.

central venous catheter

a catheter that is threaded through the internal jugular, antecubital, or subclavian vein, usually with the tip resting in the superior vena cava or the right atrium of the heart. It is also used to administer fluids or medications for hemodynamic monitoring and to measure central venous pressure.
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Central venous catheter placement through the subclavian vein

central venous catheter

Central line, central venous access catheter, Hickman catheter Hospital care A thin flexible device inserted into a large vein and used to establish a diagnosis–by drawing blood or administering therapy

cen·tral ve·nous cath·e·ter

(CVC) (sen'trăl vē'nŭs kath'ĕ-tĕr)
Tube surgically inserted into a vein in the central circulation (usually the superior vena cava). Commonly used for long-term IV therapy, nutritional support, or chemotherapy.
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CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER: A tunneled central venous catheter is inserted through subcutaneous tissue in the chest wall into the jugular or subclavian vein
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CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER (SUBCLAVIAN)

central venous catheter

A catheter inserted into the superior vena cava to permit intermittent or continuous monitoring of central venous pressure, to administer fluids, medications or nutrition, or to facilitate obtaining blood samples for chemical analysis. See: illustration

Patient care

Health care professionals must use caution to prevent life-threatening complications when inserting and maintaining a central line. The subclavian approach to the placement of a central line is preferred, because femoral placements may be complicated by deep venous thrombosis, and internal jugular sites carry an increased risk of infection. Sterile technique is a requirement during insertion. The skin should be prepared with chlorhexidine-gluconate (2%) or povidone-iodine. Ultrasound guidance improves the likelihood of entering the desired vein without injury to neighboring structures. With or without radiological guidance, the best results are obtained by practitioners who perform the procedure frequently. After the catheter is inserted, it should be firmly sewn to the skin to keep it from migrating in and out of the insertion site. An antibiotic impregnated patch covered by a sterile dressing should be placed at the insertion site. The catheter should be manipulated as infrequently as possible during its use. Dressing changes are carried out using sterile technique. IV tubing and solutions and injection caps also should be changed as required by the agency’s protocol. Health care professionals are responsible for preventing, assessing for, and managing central venous therapy complications (e.g., air embolism; cardiac tamponade; chylothorax, hemothorax, hydrothorax, or pneumothorax; local and systemic infections; and thrombosis). Documentation should include preprocedure and postprocedure physical assessment of the patient, catheter type and size, insertion site location, x-ray confirmation of the placement, catheter insertion distance (in centimeters), and the patient’s tolerance of the procedure. Maintenance care procedures also should be fully documented. The site should be carefully inspected for inflammation, and any drainage should be cultured. When catheter-related infections are suspected, the catheter tip provides valuable information about infection sources in cases of sepsis. The tip should be cut off with sterile scissors and dropped directly into a sterile specimen container.

illustration
See also: catheter

catheter

a tubular, flexible instrument, passed through body channels for withdrawal of fluids from (or introduction of fluids into) a body cavity.
Enlarge picture
Balloon-tipped angiographic (Berman) catheter By permission from Darke P, Kelly DF, Bonagura JD, Color Atlas of Veterinary Cardiology, Mosby, 1995

angiographic catheter
one through which a contrast medium is injected for visualization of the vascular system of an organ. Such catheters may have preformed ends to facilitate selective locating (as in a renal or coronary vessel) from a remote entry site. They may be named according to the site of entry and destination, such as femoral-renal and brachial-coronary.
arterial catheter
one inserted into an artery and utilized as part of a catheter-transducer-monitor system to continuously observe the blood pressure of critically ill patients. An arterial catheter also may be inserted for x-ray studies of the arterial system and for delivery of chemotherapeutic agents directly into the arterial supply of malignant tumors.
butterfly catheter
a metal needle with flexible plastic 'wings' and a short length of tubing. The 'wings' assist in placement and facilitate fixation with tape.
Enlarge picture
Butterfly catheter. By permission from Hall L, Clarke KW, Trim C, Veterinary Anaesthesia, Saunders, 2000
cardiac catheter
a long, fine catheter especially designed for passage, usually through a peripheral blood vessel, into the chambers of the heart under fluoroscopic control. See also cardiac catheterization.
cardiac biopsy catheter
introduced intravenously under the direction of fluoroscopy, can be positioned in the right or left ventricle and an endocardial biopsy obtained.
central venous catheter
a long, fine catheter inserted into a vein for the purpose of administering through a large blood vessel parenteral fluids (as in parenteral nutrition), antibiotics and other therapeutic agents. This type of catheter is also used in the measurement of central venous pressure. See also central venous catheterization.
column disk catheter
an indwelling device for continuous peritoneal dialysis. It is implanted within the peritoneal cavity, resting against the body wall. The attached Silastic tubing is used for infusing and draining the dialysate at intervals.
double-lumen catheter
one having two channels; one for injection and one for removal of fluid.
catheter drainage
a catheter left in place to keep the bladder drained. Preferably should have a one-way valve to avoid aspiration of air and infection.
elbowed catheter
a catheter bent at an angle near the beak.
indwelling catheter
one especially designed so that it is held in place in the urethra for the purpose of draining urine from the bladder.
over-the-needle catheter
a large-bore sharp needle housed with an indwelling stilette, inside a thin-walled plastic tube. An incision is made over the filled vein, the needle-cannula inserted, the stilette withdrawn, then the needle, leaving the plastic cannula in situ.
self-retaining catheter
one constructed to remain in the bladder, effecting constant drainage.
through-the-needle
the catheter is housed within the needle which is used to enter the blood vessel. After insertion, the needle may be removed by withdrawing, but leaving the catheter in place. A protective housing may be provided to cover the needle.
tracheal catheter
one with small holes at the terminal 1 inch, especially designed for removal of secretions during tracheal suctioning.
ureteral catheter
a long, extremely small gauge catheter designed for insertion directly into a ureter.
urethral catheter
any of various types of catheters designed for insertion via the urethra into the urinary bladder. See also catheterization.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our surgical/trauma/neuroscience unit has a procedure guideline for nurses removing central venous catheters.
Central venous catheters ("CVC"s) are devices used by physicians to deliver therapeutic and nutritional agents, sample blood and monitor a patient's status.
haemophilum include the respiratory tract, blood, bone marrow, bone, and central venous catheters (2,6).
Percutaneous central venous catheters should not routinely be removed in patients with fever and mild disease.
The expansion also includes patients receiving medication and IV fluids via central venous catheters in intensive or critical care units (cardiac care unit, surgical care unit, neonatal critical care unit, and urgent care centers).
com/research/nlbp9h/india_drug) has announced the addition of GlobalData's new report "India Drug Delivery Devices Market Outlook to 2018 - Metered Dose Inhaler Devices, Infusion Systems, Central Venous Catheters and Others" to their offering.
BAS") the exclusive, worldwide rights to manufacture, market and sell Central Venous Catheters ("CVC") incorporating CardioTech's patented ChronoFlex biodurable polyurethane for a period of five years.
Sutureless securement device reduces complications of peripherally inserted central venous catheters.
In the home-care setting, patients with open wounds or central venous catheters may undertake activities of daily living (e.
html Abstract: The vascular access device market includes implantable ports, port needles, central venous catheters (CVCs), dialysis catheters, peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs), peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs), catheter securement devices, syringes and needles.
Central venous catheters are mainly used for reliable infusion of fluids, for total parenteral nutrition, for administration of potentially irritant drugs and for assessment of systemic haemodynamics.
The report provides value (USD million), volume (units) and average price (USD) data for each segment and sub-segment within four market categories Central Venous Catheters, Infusion Systems, Metered Dose Inhaler Devices and Needle Free Injections.

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