Ixodes ricinus

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Ix·o·des ric·i·'nus

the castor bean tick, a Eurasian species that infests cattle, sheep, and wild animals, and transmits the piroplasm Babesia divergens, the tick-borne encephalitis virus, and the Lyme disease bacterium.

Ixodes

a genus of hard-bodied ticks in the family Ixodidae. Some species are vectors of disease.

Ixodes angustus
a dog tick.
Ixodes canisuga
a dog tick found also on foxes and occasionally other species in Europe.
Ixodes cookei
found on most species.
Ixodes cornuatus
found on dogs and other species in Australia; may cause paralysis.
Ixodes dammini
a three-host tick, important transmitter of Borrelia burgdorferi in the USA.
Ixodes hexagonus
the hedgehog tick, found also on dogs and other species in Europe.
Ixodes holocyclus
a tick of bandicoots in Australia; found also on other species. Transmits Coxiella burnetii and causes tick paralysis by a toxin secreted by its salivary glands. It also produces a cardiovascular component which causes intense vasoconstriction, high blood pressure and death.
Ixodes kingi
the rotund tick of dogs.
Ixodes loricatus
a very rare infestation in New World primates.
Ixodes muris
the mouse tick, found on dogs.
Ixodes ornithorhynchi
the platypus tick.
Ixodes pacificus
the California black-legged tick, found on most species.
Ixodes persulcatus
transmits Babesia spp.
Ixodes pilosus
bush, sour-veld or russet tick found on most species. Does not cause paralysis.
Ixodes ricinus
the castor-bean tick, found on many species of mammals and birds in Europe. Transmits Babesia divergens, B. bovis, Anaplasma, tick pyemia, Coxiella burnetii, several human encephalitides and also causes paralysis.
Enlarge picture
Ixodes ricinus. By permission from Samour J, Avian Medicine, Mosby, 2000
Ixodes rubicundus
infests most species but not cat, horse or bird. Causes paralysis.
Ixodes rugosus
found on dogs.
Ixodes scapularis
shoulder or black-legged tick; found on most species. May transmit anaplasmosis and tularemia.
Ixodes sculptus
found on dogs.
Ixodes texanus
found on dogs.
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