cellulase

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Related to Cellulases: cellulose, Endoglucanase

cellulase

 [sel´u-lās]
a concentrate of cellulose-splitting enzymes derived from Aspergillus niger and other sources; used as a digestive aid.

cel·lu·lase

(sel'yū-lās),
Enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of 1,4-β-glucoside links in cellulose, lichenin, and other β-d-glucans; found in a variety of microorganisms in soil and in the digestive tracts of herbivores. Used to produce digestive tablets and in the removal of cellulose from foods for special diets.

cellulase

(sĕl′yə-lās′, -lāz′)
n.
Any of several enzymes produced chiefly by fungi, bacteria, and protozoans that catalyze the hydrolysis of cellulose.

cel·lu·lase

(sel'yū-lās)
An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of 1,4-β-glucoside links in cellulose. Used to produce digestive tablets and in the removal of cellulose from foods for special diets.

cellulase

an ENZYME capable of splitting CELLULOSE into glucose, used particularly in the softening or digestion of plant cell walls. Most animals are not capable of producing cellulase and therefore of digesting plant material themselves, relying instead on a variety of gut microorganisms to produce the enzyme and then absorbing the glucose product (see CAECUM). Cellulase is also produced in large quantities in the ABSCISSION layer formed in leaf stalks of higher plants, causing a weakening of cell walls prior to leaf fall.
References in periodicals archive ?
It catalyzes the hydrolysis of arly and alkyl glycosides as well as of cellobiose to glucose which is inhibitory to the endo and exo cellulases during cellulose hydrolysis [4].
Each of the 15 new cellulases was more stable, worked at significantly higher temperatures (70 to 75 degrees Celsius), and degraded more cellulose than the parent enzymes at those temperatures.
Global Markets and Technologies for Biofuel Enzymes - Focus on Cellulases and Xylanases
Cellulases and xylanase of an anaerobic rumen fungus grown on wheat straw holocellulose, cellulose and xylan.
As such, it's an abundant source of energy, but most animals lack the enzyme cellulase, which breaks the bonds that lock the individual sugar molecules together.
Screening of highly cellulolytic fungi and the action of their cellulase enzyme systems.
Bridges goes on to explain that Farmacule's proprietary technology would use cellulase in the sugarcane leaf material to convert cellulose to fermentable sugars that could then be converted to bioethanol.
2006) who treated with xylanase or cellulase in combination with ammonia, by Liu and Orskov (2000) who treated with cellulase from Penicillum funiculosum in combination with steam pre-treatment, and by Wang et al.
Dyadic has devoted significant R&D resources over the last decade towards developing its C1 Host Technology and other proprietary technologies to produce cellulases and other important enzymes that convert cellulosic substrates such as corn stover and sugar cane bagasse into glucose from which bioethanol can be produced, and which are therefore expected by Dyadic to have direct applicability to the bioethanol segment of the industry.
CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE This study contributes to the areas of market growth in the amylases, cellulases, xylanases, lipases and other biofuel enzyme manufacturers and users.
The contig CL458Contig1 and the singletone NEF-24-3a-T3_H05 were homologous to cellulases from Piromyces sp.

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