coeliac

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coeliac

(sē′lē-ăk′)
adj.
Variant of celiac.

ce·li·ac

(sē'lē-ak)
Relating to the abdominal cavity.
Synonym(s): coeliac.
[G. koilia, belly]

coeliac

Pertaining to the cavity of the abdomen.

Patient discussion about coeliac

Q. Is celiac genetic? I have one son with celiac disease from my first marriage and me second wife is now pregnant,I was wondering what are the chances for this soon to be born daughter of mine to have celiac as well- if I maybe carry the genetic flaw and is there a way to find out?

A. Celiac disease is a very common illness (about 1 in a 100 people suffer from it in different levels), and it is known to have a strong genetic connection. However, there is not one specific mutation that you can get genetic testing to see if you are carrying it. Your soon to be born daughter will have a higher chance than the regular population to suffer from the disease, but it does not necessarily mean she will.

Q. How do you diagnose celiac? My daughter is 3 years old and is constantly vomiting, has diarrhea and stomach aches. Could this be celiac?

A. This could in fact be celiac. The initial step in screening should include: IgA endomysial antibodies (EMA), IgA tissue transglutaminase (tTG), IgG tissue transglutaminase and Total IgA antibodies. The patients with positive antibody tests, and those with an IgA deficiency, should have a small bowel biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and assess the degree of damage, which is performed endoscopically (looking inside the body by inserting a tube into it).

Q. Is FTT a symptom of celiac? My 1.5 year old son has FTT (failure to thrive) and stomach aches. What could be causing it?

A. Failure to thrive lacks a precise definition, in part because it describes a condition rather than a specific disease. Children who fail to thrive don't receive or are unable to take in, retain, or utilize the calories needed to gain weight and grow as expected. FTT can be caused from many different things: social factors, conditions involving the gastrointestinal system like gastroesophageal reflux, chronic diarrhea, cystic fibrosis, chronic liver disease, and celiac disease. From a chronic illness or medical disorder, an intolerance of milk protein, infections or metabolic disorders.

More discussions about coeliac
References in periodicals archive ?
Green, MD, director of the Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University--to be diagnosed.
Several celiacs ate natural flour baked goods and had to drop out of the study due to symptoms.
This is obvious for those with celiac disease, but for the people who suffer subtler forms of intolerance, it could take years to discover sensitivity.
The European medical community acknowledges celiac disease as the most commonly inherited metabolic disorder.
In the United States, the estimated occurrence of celiac is one in 2,500, but many doctors and experts on the disease say the numbers probably are closer to one in 500.
Celiac Disease is one of the most common genetic conditions in the world, but often goes undiagnosed because it is a multi-symptom, multi-system disorder.
Celiac disease is the most common genetic disease worldwide, affecting as many as one percent of the United States population.
Those who enter can win a $500 contribution to their organization, and a $500 donation to the University of Maryland Center for Celiac Research.
While the FDA has not yet established a measure for how much gluten is actually considered safe for sufferers, the EU has been dealing with the problem for decades," said Bosking, a diagnosed celiac herself.
Bast also notes that celiac is hereditary, so those with a family member who has been diagnosed with celiac should be tested immediately.
Though the definitive diagnosis of the celiac disease is based in characteristic histological changes observed in intestinal biopsies, the serological tests, such as the detection of antibodies anti-gliadins, anti-tTG and anti-endomysium, represent methods of analyses cheaper and less invasive to the detection of the disease.
Celiac Disease is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder in which the absorptive surface of the small intestine is damaged by a substance called gluten.