cat scratch fever(redirected from Cat scratch)
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cat scratch fever(1) An incorrect term for cat bite fever, see there.
(2) Cat scratch disease, see there.
any member of the family Felidae, including the domestic cat, Felis catus, and many exotic (here taken to mean nondomestic or zoological, rather than extraterritorial) species. See also feline.
a common sequela to a frequent injury. Particularly during the mating season, but also at other times, cats are likely to inflict or be subjected to bites or scratches during fighting or even vigorous play with each other. These contaminated puncture wounds, which are prone to abscessation, can be located anywhere on the body, but most often occur at the tail base, lower limbs and around the head and neck. Pasteurella spp., Prevotella spp., Porphyromonas spp., fusiform bacilli and β-hemolytic streptococci are commonly involved.
are generally of two groups, the longhair and shorthair types. Within these, there are numerous specific breeds whose differences may be great, in conformation, color and certain distinctive features, or slight, on the basis of coat and/or eye coloring.
The longhaired breeds, also called Persians, are of short, stocky (cobby) build with broad, short heads, small ears, large round eyes, and short, thick legs. One variety, the peke-faced, has an extremely short nose. There are some specific breed types, but in general, they are divided on the basis of coat color, sometimes qualified by pattern of pigmentation or eye color, and the list is very long. The major groups are: solid colors (black, blue-eyed white, orange-eyed white, odd-eyed white, blue, chocolate, lilac, red, cream), broken colors (tabbies, tortoiseshell, cream, bicolors and harlequin), shaded colors (smoke, chinchilla, silver and cameo), himalayan (1)/colorpoint (various colors). Additional longhaired breeds are the angora, birman, balinese, cymric, javanese, maine coon, oriental longhair, ragdoll and turkish van.
The shorthaired breeds include: abyssinian, american curl, bengal, bombay, british shorthair, burmese, california spangled, exotic shorthair, havana brown, korat, manx (may be longhair or shorthair), oriental (many different color groups), rex, russian blue, siamese (further divided on the basis of color in their points), singapura, somali and tonkinese.
In addition, there is the canadian hairless or Sphinx cat which is hairless.
a term used in reference to breeders, registration bodies, clubs and societies, and any other groups sharing a common interest in cats (cat fanciers).
see feline panleukopenia.
in dog conformation describes a round, compact foot with tightly bunched, arched toes.
cat fur mite
a granulomatous skin infection associated with Mycobacterium lepraemurium, the rat leprosy bacillus, hence the name. Infection is commonly believed to be the result of a rat bite. Single or multiple, painless, sometimes ulcerated nodular lesions are usually located around the head or on limbs. The organisms can be seen with acid-fast stains on direct smears or in biopsy material. Where possible, surgical excision is usually curative.
see feline panleukopenia.
scabby cat disease
feline miliary dermatitis.
cat scratch fever
see cat-scratch disease.
see turkish van.