records, the early 1990s folk devil of "unattached youth" provoked "penal fantasies--from hard labour for ten-year-olds, to bringing back corporal and capital punishments" (Ibid.
Wilson's chapter from his Thinking about Crime, from Michael Tonry and Andrew von Hirsch on `Proportionality' to Nigel Walker, Norval Morris and Paul Hirst, Pat Carlen
and Thomas Mathiesen.
This approach, which criminologist Pat Carlen
(1998) calls "transcarceralism," fails to challenge the logic of punishment as a response to social problems.
None the less, they remain essentially that: rhetorical claims which may be contested on a variety of ethical or moral grounds (see, for instance Carlen
1983, Hudson 1987, Braithwaite and Pettit 1990).
(1996: 147), a "political criminology" would:
challenges the tendency to study women's imprisonment separately from men's and raises some interesting questions for prison researchers.