heart disease

(redirected from Cardiac disease)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Cardiac disease: coronary artery disease

heart dis·ease

cardiophobia.

heart disease

n.
A structural or functional abnormality of the heart, or of the blood vessels supplying the heart, that impairs its normal functioning.

heart disease

Cardiac disorder, cardiovascular disease Cardiology Any disease that affects the heart–eg, alcoholic cardiomyopathy, angina, arrhythmias, ASHD, cardiogenic shock, cardiomyopathies–dilated, hypertrophic, idiopathic, ischemic, peripartum, CHF, CAD, HTN, mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, mitral valve prolapse, etc. See Atherosclerotic heart disease.

heart

the hollow muscular organ lying on the sternum that serves as a pump controlling the blood flow in two circuits, the pulmonary and the systemic. See also circulatory system.

artificial heart
a mechanical device that replaces the heart by using pulsating air to pump blood to the body. Successfully placed in calves, sheep and dogs as experimental models for the subsequent use of such methods in humans.
heart attack
see myocardial infarction.
heart bones
ossicles in the fibrous skeletal ring which surrounds the aortic orifice of the heart in cattle and occasionally in other species; called also ossa cordis.
heart conducting system
consists of the sinoatrial node, the atrioventricular node, the atrioventricular bundle and its two crura.
cyanotic heart malformations
insufficient oxygenated hemoglobin is received in the peripheral capillary beds resulting in blue discoloration of tissues, and an incapacity of the body to maintain a life-sustaining level of activity.
heart disease
an all-embracing term including those diseases in which there is intrinsic disease of the heart such as uremia, valvular disease, African horse sickness, vitamin E-selenium nutritional deficiency, inherited cardiomyopathies of dogs and cattle, altitude sickness, canine parvovirus infection, and in a number of plant and other poisonings. See also mulberry heart disease.
heart failure cells
hemosiderin-laden macrophages present in the pulmonary alveoli in cases of congestive heart failure.
heart malformations
includes ectopia cordis, patent foramen ovale, ventricular septal defects such as Fallot's tetralogy, Eisenmenger complex, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic coarctation, right aortic arch persistence, truncus arteriosus persistence, fibroelastosis, subvalvular aortic stenosis, anomalous origin of carotid arteries, transposition of great vessels, pulmonic stenosis, aortic stenosis.
heart massage
see cardiac massage.
heart meridian points
acupuncture points along the heart meridian.
heart rate
the number of contractions of the cardiac ventricles per unit of time. For normal rates see pulse rate.
heart score
a concept which sets out that performance in racing horses is related to heart size, now a well-established relationship, and that heart size can be estimated in the living horse by the measurement of the QRS interval.
heart sounds
see heart sounds, heart murmur.
heart strain
is an unpopular concept in any medical science but overtrained horses which perform poorly do have a high incidence of abnormal T waves.
heart valve anomalies
failure of complete development of atrioventricular or semilunar valves results in stenosis or incompetence of the valves and often congestive heart failure.
heart valve hematoma
congenital, usually multiple lesions on the edges of atrioventricular valves, mostly in calves; disappear spontaneously in most cases.
heart valve thrombosis
common lesion on the free edges of valves, often the source of widespread emboli; on healing leave scarred, insufficient valves.
heart valves
flaps of endothelial connective tissue that guard the entrance into and exit from the ventricles and bring about unidirectional blood flow. Include the atrioventricular and semilunar valves, the proper closure of which is essential to maintain circulatory equilibrium, can be diseased and cause heart failure. See also heart murmur, endocarditis, endocardiosis.

Patient discussion about heart disease

Q. heart disease? how to prevent from heart disease?

A. Eat well (less fat, more vegetables), exercise, don't smoke, don't drink too much, watch your body weight, and go for a check-uo from time to time.


These are good points to start with, and will keep you busy enough... You can read more here (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/heartdiseasesprevention.html)

Take care,

Q. what do i need to do if i suffer from heart disorder? do i need to change my diet? what is a heart disorder?

A. There are many types of heart disorders, and you need to be aware of exactly what you have. A change in diet- to a low-fat low cholesterol diet, combined with regular physical activity, is best for heart problems that involve atherosclerosis (occluded blood vessels that cause damage to the heart and can cause a heart attack). You have to see a doctor or a cardiologist for proper diagnosis and treatment, including diet plans.

Q. What are the Risks for Developing a Heart Disease? What are the major factors that might increase my risk for developing a heart disease?

A. There are many risk factors that are known nowadays for developing a heart disease. Among the major risk factors are: Being a male, being over 50 years of age, smoking, consuming alcohol, doing no physical activity, being obese, having hypertension (chronic high blood pressure), being diabetic and having a family history of heart disease (in first degree relatives). Also a high cholesterol diet is known to increase chance of atherosclerosis, a process that happens in the blood vessels and can cause heart attack.

More discussions about heart disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Prof Nadeem Malik said the experience and knowledge had been shared regarding the repair of cardiac hole without surgery, replacement of cardiac valves, new techniques of angioplasty and latest advancement in the treatment of paediatric cardiac diseases.
When the data were analyzed by type of MCI, cardiac disease was found to have no correlation with amnestic MCI but was linked to a doubling of the rate of nonamnestic MCI.
Where cardiac disease does occur, we want to focus on prompt diagnosis and the best treatment.
12 times more risk of having cardiac disease (0R=4.
0001) in infants with cardiac disease [median (25th-75th percentiles), 3530 (838-8370) ng/L] than in infants with other diseases [444 (205-1493) ng/L].
We used these results to explore the molecular mechanisms of the pathogenesis of cardiac disease induced by cigarette smoke.
Following a general discussion of the concept of coping and its role within the context of coping with chronic illnesses and disabilities, the research literature on coping with cardiac disease is reviewed.
But in reality - 75 percent to 95 percent of the time - CPR is performed because of an existing cardiac disease, Henry said.
Pre-existent cardiac disease moderated the association between depressive symptoms and the incidence of stroke.
ATLANTA -- Better cardiac disease awareness and prevention programs that target younger women are needed, according to a study presented during a prevention conference on heart disease and stroke sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Of the 350 patients with any cardiac disease, 73% were on either medication or both; the rate was 71% of the 234 patients with ischemic heart disease.
Selected complaints included asthma in people aged 15-64, a range of respiratory diseases in people 65 and older, a range of cardiac diseases in people of all ages, and one subcategory of cardiac disease, ischemic heart disease, in people of all ages.