Caplan's syndrome


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Caplan's syndrome

Etymology: Anthony Caplan, English physician, 1907-1976
a condition of pneumoconiosis with symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and radiographic evidence of intrapulmonary nodules. It is caused by inhalation of coal dust and results in inflammation and scarring of the lungs. Although there is no treatment for Caplan's syndrome, it is important to treat the rheumatoid arthritis. Also called rheumatoid pneumoconiosis.
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Caplan's syndrome

Caplan's syndrome

A form of coal-worker's PNEUMOCONIOSIS in which progressive FIBROSIS of the lungs, in the form of large nodules, is associated with RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS. (Anthony Caplan, 1907–76, English physician).
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Brown had heard how the 92-yearold former coal miner and army veteran had died at Wansbeck hospital in May 2009, having suffered pneumonia in his lungs and Caplan's syndrome, a combination of rheumatoid arthritis and pneumoconiosis - a lung disease suffered by miners.
Mr Brown had heard how the 92-year-old former coal miner and Army veteran had died at Wansbeck hospital in May 2009, having suffered pneumonia in his lungs and Caplan's syndrome, a combination of rheumatoid arthritis and pneumoconiosis - a lung disease suffered by miners.
Albert Frederick Reed, 87, died at Rookwood Hospital on March 1, 2005, from Caplan's Syndrome, after he worked for eight years at the coal face in Hirwaun.