Some of these take the form of a whole series or a volume like the Canon of Medicine by Avicenna and Tazkirat Ouli al-Albab by Dawoud al-Antaki (No7445) in pharmacology which is full of detailed information on botany classification, diseases and treatment.
Included in the 14 manuscripts was the Canon of Medicine, by Ibn Sina; the third chapter of Sahih al-Bukhari; and a manuscript by the scholar Mohammed bin Ibrahim Al-Murtada, dating back to the year 1414.
The evolving scientific knowledge of the Islamic world is much in evidence with a superb collection of astrolabes, as well as several pages of the celebrated The Canon of Medicine written by Avicenna (Ibn Sina 983-1037), which was considered the definitive medical reference until the 17th century.
Toward the end of the 12th century, translations from Arabic to Latin of such works as the Canon of Medicine (Ibn Sina, also known as Avicenna; 980-1037) and the Comprehensive Book on Medicine (al-Razi, also known as Rhazes; 865-923) laid the foundation for the development of "Western" medicine in Europe.
Although testing medical interventions for efficacy has existed since the time of Avicenna's The Canon of Medicine, (4,5) it was only in the 20th century did this effort evolve to impact almost all fields of health care and policy.