Campylobacter jejuni


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Related to Campylobacter jejuni: Campylobacter coli

Cam·py·lo·bac·ter je·ju·ni

a thermophilic bacterial species that causes an acute gastroenteritis of sudden onset with constitutional symptoms (malaise, myalgia, arthralgia, and headache) and cramping abdominal pain in humans; it has been associated with a demyelinating sequela, which can present with ascending paralysis. Potential sources of human infection include poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs, and dogs. This species also causes abortion in sheep.

Campylobacter jejuni

Vibrio jejuni, Campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni A curved or spiral gram-negative bacillus with a single polar flagellum Epidemiology Linked to contact with domestic and farm animals, unpasteurized milk, primates, day care centers; peaks in summer Clinical Acute gastroenteritis of abrupt onset; malaise, myalgia, headache; Sx may be accompanied by abdominal colic, N&V, anorexia, tenesmus Management Erythromycin, tetracycline, gentamicin, furazolidine, chloramphenicol

Cam·py·lo·bac·ter je·ju·ni

(kam'pi-lō-bak'tĕr je-jū'nī)
A bacterial species that causes an acute gastroenteritis of sudden onset with constitutional symptoms (malaise, myalgia, arthralgia, and headache) and cramping abdominal pain; potential sources of human infection include poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs, and dogs. Pathogen is the most frequent cause of campylobacteriosis.

Campylobacter jejuni

The commonest cause of bacterial food poisoning in Britain. See CAMPYLOBACTER ENTERITIS.

Campylobacter

a genus of bacteria, family Spirillaceae, made up of gram-negative, non-spore-forming, motile, comma-shaped rods, which are microaerophilic to anaerobic. Members of the genus were previously classified as Vibrio spp. and many of the diseases caused by these species are still referred to as vibriosis.

Campylobacter coli
a commensal of the gastrointestinal tract of poulty, pigs and humans; can cause enteritis in pigs and humans.
Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus
causes ovine genital campylobacteriosis and abortion in sheep and cattle.
Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis
causes bovine vibriosis, also known as epizootic bovine infertility.
Campylobacter hyointestinalis, Campylobacter mucosalis
associated with the porcine intestinal adenomatosis complex, proliferative hemorrhagic enteropathy, necrotic enteritis.
Campylobacter jejuni
causes abortion in sheep and enteritis in dogs, cats and other animals. An important food-borne cause of enteritis in humans, and the cause of avian vibrionic hepatitis.
Campylobacter sputorum subsp. bubulus, Campylobacter sputorum biovar fecalis
found in cattle and sheep, but not known to cause disease.
Campylobacter upsaliensis
may be associated with diarrhea in dogs and humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Extraintestinal Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli infections: host factors and strain characteristics.
The genome sequence of the food-borne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni reveals hypervariable sequences.
Physiological characterization of viable-but-nonculturable Campylobacter jejuni cells.
Campylobacter jejuni has been recognized as one of the leading causes of diarrhea in the U.
Clinical significance of Campylobacter and related species other than Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli.
Molecular epidemiology of Campylobacter jejuni in a geographically isolated country with a uniquely structured poultry industry.
completed a Phase II clinical trial of the Campylobacter jejuni component of its combination ACTIVAX vaccine to prevent travelers' diseases caused by the consumption of contaminated food and water.
Gastroenteritis caused by Campylobacter jejuni is the most frequently reported antecedent event (1).
The component of ACTIVAX that addresses Campylobacter jejuni has completed Phase I and II human clinical trials and is proceeding towards product commercialization, with an additional Phase II trial planned for 2002.
Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans worldwide; it is usually found in the intestinal tract of various farm and wild animals, particularly birds (6,7).
CAMPYVAX is an oral vaccine for the prevention of gastroenteritis, diarrhea, and Traveler's Diarrhea caused by Campylobacter jejuni, a common pathogenic bacteria.

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