cAMP

(redirected from Campiness)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

adenosine

 [ah-den´o-sēn]
1. a nucleoside composed of the pentose sugar d-ribose and adenine. It is a structural subunit of ribonucleic acid (RNA). Adenosine nucleotides are involved in the energy metabolism of all cells. Adenosine can be linked to a chain of one, two, or three phosphate groups to form adenosine monophosphate (AMP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), or adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The bond between the phosphate groups in ADP or the two bonds between phosphate groups in ATP are called high-energy bonds, because hydrolysis of a high-energy bond provides a large amount of free energy that can be used to drive other processes that would not otherwise occur. The energy that is derived from the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, or proteins is used to synthesize ATP. The energy stored in ATP is then used directly or indirectly to drive all other cellular processes that require energy, of which there are four major types: (1) the transport of molecules and ions across cell membranes against concentration gradients, which maintains the internal environment of the cell and produces the membrane potential for the conduction of nerve impulses; (2) the contraction of muscle fibers and other fibers producing the motion of cells; (3) the synthesis of chemical compounds; (4) the synthesis of other high-energy compounds.
Adenosine.
2. a preparation of adenosine, which acts as a cardiac depressant of automaticity in the sinus node and conduction in the atrioventricular node and as a vasodilator. It is used as an antiarrhythmic and is also used to cause coronary vasodilation during myocardial perfusion imaging in patients who cannot exercise adequately to perform an exercise stress test, administered intravenously.
cyclic adenosine monophosphate a cyclic nucleotide, adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate, involved in the action of many hormones, including catecholamines, ACTH, and vasopressin. The hormone binds to a specific receptor on the cell membrane of target cells. This activates an enzyme, adenylate cyclase, which produces cyclic AMP from ATP. Cyclic AMP acts as a second messenger activating other enzymes within the cell. Abbreviated 3′,5′-AMP, cAMP, and cyclic AMP.
adenosine diphosphate (ADP) a nucleotide, adenosine 5′-pyrophosphate, produced by the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). It is then converted back to ATP by the metabolic processes oxidative phosphorylation, glycolysis, and the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
adenosine monophosphate (AMP) a nucleotide, adenosine 5′-phosphate, involved in energy metabolism and nucleotide synthesis. Called also adenylic acid.
adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) a term used to refer to the enzymatic activity of certain intercellular processes that split ATP to form ADP and inorganic phosphate, when the energy released is not used for the synthesis of chemical compounds. Examples are the splitting of ATP in muscle contraction and the transport of ions across cell membranes.
adenosine triphosphate (ATP) a nucleotide, adenosine 5′-triphosphate, occurring in all cells, where it stores energy in the form of high-energy phosphate bonds. Free energy is supplied to drive metabolic reactions, to transport molecules against concentration gradients (active transport), and to produce mechanical motion (contraction of myofibrils and microtubules), when ATP is hydrolyzed to ADP and inorganic phosphate or to AMP and inorganic pyrophosphate. ATP is also used to produce high-energy phosphorylated intermediary metabolites, such as glucose 6-phosphate.

cAMP

Abbreviation for adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP).

cAMP

cyclic adenosine monophosphate.

cAMP

abbr.
cyclic AMP

cAMP

cAMP

Abbreviation for adenosine 3', 5'-cyclic monophosphate.

cAMP

cyclic adenosine monophosphate

cAMP

cyclic adenosine monophosphate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, that's where the film's chief value lies: it's campiness.
And during each "Full Moon Fright Night," Shatner will pay his own unique homage to campiness by personally re-enacting some gruesome moment from that night's movie.
The director didn't make the images up; they're there, but in putting that one slice of gay life into the massest of mass media--the amoral promiscuity, the drug and alcohol abuse, the stereotyped flamboyance and campiness, the bitchy queeniness and flimsy values--something very dangerous happens even above and beyond reinforcing right-wingers' negative feelings about homosexuals.
The story of her early stardom--what it cost her physically and emotionally, and why she walked away from it all--never descends into the campiness of Sunset Boulevard or the sentimentality of A Star Is Born.
While all are overtly campy, in their appeal to gay spectators in particular, they signify even beyond this campiness.
Hence the increasing levity and campiness of Auden's poetry.
For all its cheesy campiness, The Twilight Zone terrifies; voyeurs, we watch as the hapless unsuspecting are compelled to adjust to intrusive absurdity as normality itself becomes unworkable, even irrelevant.
In other works, more girls, playing cards, a chain saw, and a package of sausages comprise a jokey group, the campiness of which is neither contravened nor secured by its juxtaposition with equally equivocal is its seriousness feigned?
From the effete campiness of many seminarians and clerics, to the heretical books passing as foundational texts at Catholic colleges, few late-20th-century Catholics involved in Catholic apostolate or study could have failed to observe the symptoms of a disorder.
Sci Fi says Shatner will ``pay his own unique homage to campiness by personally re-enacting some gruesome moment from that night's movie.
Nowhere in this is there the slightest hint of irony or campiness.