menthol

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menthol

 [men´thol]
an alcohol from various mint oils or produced synthetically, used locally to relieve itching and by inhalation for treatment of upper respiratory tract disorders.

men·thol

(men'thol),
An alcohol obtained from peppermint oil or other mint oils, or prepared synthetically; used as an antipruritic and topical anesthetic; in nasal sprays; cough drops, and inhalers; and as a flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): peppermint camphor

menthol

/men·thol/ (men´thol) an alcohol from various mint oils or produced synthetically; used topically to relieve itching and as an inhalation to treat upper respiratory tract disorders.

menthol

(mĕn′thôl′)
n.
A fragrant white crystalline organic compound, C10H20O, obtained from peppermint oil or synthesized. It is used in perfumes, in cigarettes, as a mild topical anesthetic, and as a mint flavoring.

men′tho·lat′ed adj.

menthol

[men′thol]
Etymology: L, menta, mint
a topical antipruritic with a cooling effect that relieves itching. It is an ingredient in many topical creams and ointments.

menthol

Pharmacognosy
An aromatic oil first obtained from peppermint (Mentha piperita), now primarily produced synthetically, it is used topically for arthritic pain, haemorrhoids, itching and sore muscles; it is added to cough medicines and throat lozenges.

Toxicity
Pure menthol oil is toxic—as little as 5.0 mL may be fatal.

menthol

An aromatic oil from peppermint–Mentha piperita or produced synthetically, used topically for arthritic pain, hemorrhoids, itching, sore muscles and orally in cough medicines and throat lozenges Toxicity Pure menthol oil is toxic–5 mL may be fatal. See Botanical toxicity, Herbal medicine, Poisonous plants; Cf Peppermint, Wintergreen.

men·thol

(men'thol)
An organic compound made either synthetically or from peppermint or other mint oils useful as a local anesthetic, an antipruritic, and a counterirritant. It is also available as a dietary supplement or natural medicine in the form of peppermint oil.
[L. menta, mint]

menthol

A volatile oil used as a local application to relieve itching or as an embrocation. Menthol can also be used as an inhalant to relieve nasal congestion. Excessive inhalation can be dangerous and menthol can cause skin allergy. Brand names of preparations for external use containing menthol are Balmosa, Fradol, Radian B and Salonpas.

menthol

rubefacient, antipruritic and topically anaesthetic peppermint oil derivative (see Table 1)
Table 1: Topical antipruritic and analgesic agents
AgentAction and usage
Benzocaine; 20% ointmentTreatment of painful heloma neurovasculare
Antipruritic in treatment of chilling
Menthol 2%Dusting powder
Menthol 10%In methyl salicylate ointment; used to reduce inflammation, e.g. hyperaemic phase of chilblains
KaolinDusting powder
Tetracaine 4% gel Ametop gel; Amethocaine 2% creamantipruritic and analgesic
Crotamiton 10% creamEurax: powerful and rapid antipruritic
Mepyramine maleate 2% creamAnthisan: rapidly antipruritic, for insect bites

men·thol

(men'thol)
An alcohol obtained from peppermint or other mint oils, or prepared synthetically; used as an antipruritic and topical anesthetic; in nasal sprays, cough drops, and inhalers; and as a flavoring agent.
[L. menta, mint]

menthol,

n a topical antipruritic with a cooling effect that relieves itching. It is an ingredient in many topical creams and ointments.

menthol

an alcohol from various mint oils or produced synthetically, used locally to relieve pruritus.