caffeine intoxication


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intoxication

 [in-tok″sĭ-ka´shun]
1. stimulation, excitement, or impaired judgment caused by a chemical substance, or as if by one.
2. substance intoxication, especially that due to ingestion of alcohol (see discussion at alcoholism). Alcohol intoxication is defined legally according to a person's blood alcohol level; the definition is 0.10 per cent or more in most states in the U.S. and 0.8 per cent or more in Canada.
alcohol idiosyncratic intoxication a term previously used for marked behavioral change, usually belligerence, produced by ingestion of small amounts of alcohol that would not cause intoxication in most persons. It is now felt that there is no evidence for a distinction between this condition and any other form of alcohol intoxication.
caffeine intoxication caffeinism (def. 2).
cannabis intoxication physiological and psychological symptoms following the smoking of marijuana or hashish, including euphoria, preoccupation with auditory and visual stimuli, and apathy. Intoxication occurs almost immediately after smoking and peaks within 30 minutes.
pathological intoxication alcohol idiosyncratic i.
substance intoxication a type of substance-induced disorder, consisting of reversible, substance-specific, maladaptive behavioral or psychological changes directly resulting from the physiologic effects on the central nervous system of recent ingestion of or exposure to a drug of abuse, medication, or toxin. Specific cases are named on the basis of etiology, e.g., alcohol intoxication.
water intoxication a condition resulting from undue retention of water with decrease in sodium concentration, marked by lethargy, nausea, vomiting, and mild mental aberrations; in severe cases there may be convulsions and coma.

caffeine intoxication

The reaction that follows the ingestion of excessive caffeine, usually more than 250 mg. At least five of the following side effects are experienced: restlessness, nervousness, excitement, insomnia, flushed face, gastrointestinal disturbance, muscle twitching, diuresis, rambling flow of thought and speech, tachycardia or arrhythmia, and psychomotor agitation. Other physical or mental disorders such as anxiety disorder must be ruled out.
Synonym: caffeinism
See also: intoxication
References in periodicals archive ?
According to a report last month in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, caffeine intoxication and withdrawal are psychiatric disorders.
Caffeine intoxication is currently defined by a number of symptoms and clinical features that emerge in response to recent consumption of caffeine.
A serious discussion began in March 2006, when governors of five states along with mayors of 17 cities began to call attention to the dangers of caffeine intoxication.
The caffeine content of energy drinks varies over a tenfold range, with some containing the equivalent of 12 cans of Coca-Cola, yet the caffeine amounts are often unlabeled and few include warnings about the potential health risks of caffeine intoxication," said Roland Griffiths, PhD, an author of an article published online Sept.
The caffeine content of energy drinks varies over a 10-fold range, with some containing the equivalent of 14 cans of Coca-Cola, yet the caffeine amounts are often unlabeled and few include warnings about the potential health risks of caffeine intoxication," says Roland Griffiths, Ph.
But the American Psychiatric Association claims some susceptible people only have to have two cups to suffer from caffeine intoxication, symptoms of which include restlessness, nervousness, insomnia, stomach upset, muscle twitching, rapid pulse, heart palpitations and facial flushing.