Groupware is the term used to describe the technology developed by researches in CSCW
 and can be seen as a computer tools collection, people and work processes operating in synchronized way in an organization.
Proceedings of the ACM CSCW
'98 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (pp.
In ACM Proceedings of the November 1992 CSCW
In Proceedings of CSCW
'98, The Association for Computer Machinery, Chapel Hill, USA, (pp.
2005), and the integration of GIS with CSCW
to support collaboration and coordination, have developed into a broad body of research generally referred to as collaborative GIS (Chen et al.
Mediated interaction and environment-based coordination are highly debated also in other research fields outside MAS and CS, where collaborative and cooperative activities are studied in complex social contexts: notable examples are CSCW
(Computer Supported Cooperative Work) and HCI E(Human Computer Interaction) , recently focussing on cognitive and social theories which explicitly take into account the role of environment in coordination, such as Distributed Cognition  and Activity Theory .
In a CSCW
environment, collaborative product development (CPD) is an area for intensive research.
Simone (1996): Coordination Mechanisms: towards a conceptual foundation for CSCW
Computer-Supported Cooperative Work: Special Issue on CSCW
and the Web, 6(2/3), 111-134.
Developments in the integration of material delivered in multiple formats can be tracked in the hypermedia/hypertext and CSCW
(computer-supported collaborative work) literature (Davenport & Baird, 1992; Sproull & Keisler, 1991).